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DE HAVILLAND  DH-112  Sea Venom

 
     
  The story which didn't happen ... outside Atlantic Air Combat  
     
     
  See also : AAC Data Sheet
 
Illustrations :
 
 
Illustrations :
 
     
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Introduction
   
The Sea Venom was the navalised version of the RAF Venom NF2 two-seat night fighter and has been in used with the Royal Navy, the Royal Australian Navy, and the French Navy :

Country = QTY Aircraft Name 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967
3 7 3 4 8 11                                
UK FF 50 DH112F20 SeaVenom                                
UK FF 167 DH112F21 SeaVenom                                
Australia FF 39 DH112F21 SeaVenom.F53 1956 1966 1956 > > > > > > > > > 1966      
UK FF 39 DH112F22 SeaVenom 1958 1960 > > > > 1960                  
France TR 25 DH112F20 Aquilon.200 1954 > 1956                          
France TR 25 DH112F20 Aquilon.202 1955 > > 1957                        
France FF 40 DH112F20 Aquilon.203 1956 > > > > > > > 1962              
-   -
RN/UK the first operational unit to be equipped with the Sea Fury was 807 Naval Air Squadron in September 1947

Sea Furies were issued to Nos. 736, 738, 759 and 778 Squadrons of the Fleet Air Arm 804

The F 10 was followed by the Sea Fury FB 11 fighter-bomber variant, which eventually reached a production total of 650 aircraft. The Sea Fury remained the Fleet Air Arm’s primary fighter-bomber until 1953

The Sea Fury FB 11 entered service with the fighter squadrons of the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve (RNVR) in August 1951. The RNVR units also operated the Sea Fury T.20 two-seat trainer version from late 1950 to give reserve pilots experience on the type before relinquishing their Supermarine Seafire aircraft. RNVR units which were equipped with the Sea Fury were Nos. 1831, 1832, 1833, 1834, 1835 and 1836 Squadrons. No. 1832, based at RAF Benson, was the last RNVR squadron to relinquish the type in August 1955 for the jet-powered Supermarine Attacker.

n April 1951, 804 Naval Air Squadron operating off HMS Glory, replaced 807 Squadron

Australia
Australia was one of two Commonwealth nations to operate the Sea Fury, with the other being Canada. The type was operated by two frontline squadrons of the Royal Australian Navy, 805 Squadron and 808 Squadron; a third squadron that flew the Sea Fury, 850 Squadron, was also briefly active. Two Australian aircraft carriers, HMAS Sydney and HMAS Vengence, employed Sea Furies in their air wings. The Sea Fury was used by Australia during the Korean War, flying from carriers based along the Korean coast in support of friendly ground forces. The Sea Fury would be operated by Australian forces between 1948 and 1962.

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Squadrons
   
The Sea Venom was the navalised version of the RAF Venom NF2 two-seat night fighter used by British, Australian, and French navies:
  
Squadron Role Aircraft NAS 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967
FRENCH  NAVY FLEET AIR ARM - SQUADRONS & AIRCRAFTS (complete)
01S   Liaison duties 1946 1955                            
02S   Liaison duties 1955 2000                            
03S   Purpose unknown... ?? 2000                            
04F BB SB2C5 Helldiver 1949 1951                            
04F BB TBM3E Avenger 1951 1960 > > > > 1960                  
04F ASW Br1050 Alize 1960 1997         1960 > > > > > > > > >
05F                                      
06F ASW TBM3E Avenger 1952 1959 > > > 1959                    
06F ASW Br1050 Alize 1959 2000       1959 > > > > > > > > > >
07F                                      
08F                                      
09F ASW Br1050 Alize 1965 1972                 1965 > > > > >
10F                                      
11F FF F6F5 Hellcat 1950 1955                            
11F FF DH112 Aquilon 1955 1962 > > > > > > 1962              
11F FF MD480 Etendard.IVM 1963 1978               1963 > > > > > >
12F FF F6F5 Hellcat 1950 1953                            
12F FF F4U7 Corsair 1953 1963 > > > > > > > 1963            
12F FF F8U2 Crusader 1965 1999                   1965 > > > >
14F FF F4U7 Corsair 1953 1964 > > > > > > > > 1964          
14F FF F8U2 Crusader 1965 1979                   1965 > > > >
15F FF F4U7 Corsair 1953 1962 > > > > > > 1962              
15F FF MD480 Etendard.IVM 1962 1969             1962 > > > > > > >
16F FF DH112 Aquilon 1955 1964 > > > > > > > > 1964          
16F RR MD480 Etendard.IVP 1964 2000                 1964 > > > > >
17F FF F4U7 Corsair 1958 1962 > > > > > > 1962              
17F FF MD480 Etendard.IVM 1964 1980                 1964 > > > > >
59S TR CM175 Zephyr 1959 1994       1959 > > > > > > > > > >
21F PAT P2V6 Neptune 1953 1966 > > > > > > > > > > 1966      
21F PAT Br1150 Atlantic 1965 1993                   1965 > > > >
22F PAT P2V6 Neptune 1953 1965 > > > > > > > > > 1965        
22F PAT Br1150 Atlantic 1965 1996                   1965 > > > >
23F PAT P2V6 Neptune 1955 1959 > > > 1959                    
23F PAT P2V7 Neptune 1959 1971       1959 > > > > > > > > > >
23F PAT Br1150 Atlantic 1972 1991                         1972 >
24F PAT A683B1 Lancaster 1952 1958 > > 1958                      
24F PAT PB4Y Privateer 1958 1967     1958 > > > > > > > > 1967    
24F PAT P2V7 Neptune 1958 1967     1958 > > > > > > > > 1967    
24F PAT Br1150 Atlantic 1967 1992                       1967 > >
25F PAT A683B1 Lancaster 1952 1958 > > 1958                      
25F PAT P2V7 Neptune 1958 1983     1958 > > > > > > > > > > >
27F PAR PB5M Marlin 1960 1964         1960 > > > 1964          
28F PAT PB4Y Privateer 1951 1961 > > > > > 1961                
28F PAT P2V6 Neptune 1961 1963           1961 > 1963            
ROYAL CANADIAN NAVY FLEET AIR ARM - SQUADRONS & AIRCRAFTS
Squadron Role     1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967
VF870 FF F2H3 Banshee 1955 1962 F2H3 > > > > > Cheat Cheat Cheat Cheat Cheat - -
VF871 FF FB22 SeaFury 1951 1959 FB11 > > - - - - - - - - - -
VS880 ASW S2A Tracker 1957 198+ TBM S2A > > > > > > > > > > > >
VS881 ASW TBM Avenger 1951 1956 TBM S2A > > > > Cheat Cheat Cheat Cheat Cheat - -
ROYAL AUSTRALIAN NAVY FLEET AIR ARM - SQUADRONS & AIRCRAFTS (complete)
724.Sqn TR DH112 SeaVenom.53 1958 1968     1958 > > > > > > > > > 1968  
724.Sqn TR A4G Skyhawk 1968 >>                         1968 >
725.Sqn TR   Wessex ASW 1962 1975             1962 > > > > > > >
805.Sqn FF HK19B SeaFury 1948 1958 > > 1958                      
805.Sqn FF DH112 SeaVenom.53 1958 1963     1958 > > > > 1963            
805.Sqn FF A4G Skyhawk 1968 1982                         1968 >
808.Sqn FF HK19B SeaFury 1950 1954 > > > > > > > Cheat Cheat Cheat Cheat Cheat    
808.Sqn FF DH112 SeaVenom.53 1955 1958 > > 1958                      
816.Sqn FF   Firefly 1948 1955                            
816.Sqn ASW   Gannet 1955 1967 > > > > > > > > > > > 1967    
816.Sqn FF DH112 SeaVenom.53 1964 1967                 1964 > > 1967    
816.Sqn ASW   Tracker 1968 1982                         1968 >
817.Sqn FF   Firefly 1950 1955                            
817.Sqn ASW   Gannet 1955 1958 > > 1958                      
817.Sqn ASW   Wessex ASW 1963 1976               1963 > > > > > >
850.Sqn FF HKFB11 SeaFury 1953 1954                            
851.Sqn TR   Firefly 1954 1958 > > 1958                      
ROYAL NAVY FLEET AIR ARM - SQUADRONS & AIRCRAFTS
Squadron Role 194+ 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967
800.Sq   FR47 > > S398 > SHwk > > > > S544 > > > > BcS1 > BcS2 > > 1972
801.Sq   - - FB11 > > > - - - - - - BcS1 > > BcS2 > > > >
802.Sq   SXV > FB11 > > > SHwk > > > - - - - - - - - - -
803.Sq   - - S398 > > SHwk > > > S544 > > > > > > > > BcS2 > 1969
804.Sq   FR46 > > > FB11 SHwk > > > > > S544 1961 - - - - - - - -
805.Sq   FB11 > > > > > > > > F53 > > > > - - - - - -
808.Sq   - FB11 > > > X F20 F53 > X - - - - - - - - - - -
809.Sq   NF21 > > > > F21 > - - - - - - BcS1 > > BcS2 > > >
816.Sq   FS5 > > > > > GS1 > > > > > > > > > > > > S2E >
816.Sq   - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - F53 > > - -
817.Sq   FS5 > > > > > GS1 > > - - - - WS31 > > > > > >
820.Sq   - - FS5 > > TBS4 > GS1 WH1 > > > > > > WS1 > > > > >
826.Sq   - - - - - - - - ?? GS1 WS3 ?? - - - - - - - - -
831.Sq                     FC21 > > > > > > > > GC1 > >
845.Sq   - - - - - - WH22 > WH7 > - - WS1 > > WS5 > > > >
846.Sq   - - - - - - - - - - - - - WH7 > > > > > > >
847.Sq   - - - - - - - - - - - - - - WH7 > > > > > >
848.Sq   - - - WH21 > > > - WH22 WH7 > > > > WS5 > > > > >
849.Sq     ?? ADW ??         ?? GW3 ?? -                  
850.Sq   - - - - FB11 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
851.Sq   - - - - - FS5 > > > - - - - - - - - - S2E >
890.Sq   - - - S398 > F20 > F21 > > > SV1 > > > > > > SV2 > >
891.Sq   - - - - - F20 F21 > F22 > > > - - - - - - - -
892.Sq   - - - - - - F21 - - SV1 > > > > > > > SV2 > >
893.Sq   - - - - - - - F21 > > F22 > SV1 > > > > > SV2 > >
894.Sq   - - - - - - - - F22 > > - - - - - - - - -
899.Sq   - - - - - - - - - - - - SV1 > > > SV2 > > > >
702.Sq   - - - S398 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
703.Sq   - - S398 > > > - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
723.Sq   - - - FB11 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
724.Sq   > > > > > > FB11 > > T22 > > > > > > > > > > >
725.Sq   - - - - - - - - - - - - - WSX > > > > > > >
736.Sq   - - - - - - - - F21 - - - - - - - BcS1 > BcS2 > >
738.Sq   - - - - - - - - F21 > > - - - - - - - - -
750.Sq   - - - - - - - - - - - F21 - - - - - - - -
766.Sq   - - - - - - - F21 F22 > > > SV1 > > > > > SV2 > >
ROYAL NETHERLAND NAVY FLEET AIR ARM - SQUADRONS & AIRCRAFTS
Squadron Role 194+ 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967
001.Sq   FR4 > > > > > > > > > > - - - - - - - - -
001.Sq   - - - - - TBF > > > > > S2A > > > > > > > - -
002.Sq   - FN5 > > > > > > > > > - - - - - - - - -
002.Sq   - - - - - TBF > > > > > S2A > > > > > > > - -
003.Sq   FB11 > > > > > > > - - - - - - - - - - - -
004.Sq   - FN5 > > > > > > > > > - - - - - - - - -
004.Sq   - - - - - TBF > > > > > S2A > > > > > > > - -
005.Sq   - FN5 > > > > > > > > > - - - - - - - - -
005.Sq   - - - - - C45 > > > > > > > > > > > > > > >
006.Sq   FR4 > > > > > > > > > > - - - - - - - - -
007.Sq   - FN5 > > > > > > > > > - - - - - - - - -
007.Sq   PBY > > > > > > > - - - - - - - - - - - -
008.Sq   - - S51 > > > > > > > - - - - - - - - - -
008.Sq   - - - - S55 > > > > > > > > > - - - - - -
008.Sq   - - - - - - - - - - HS1 > > > > > > > > > >
009.Sq   - - S11 > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > - -
860.Sq   FR4 > > > > > > > SHwk > > > > > - - - - - -
861.Sq   FR4 > > > > > > > > > > - - - - - - - - -
320.Sq   - - - - - P2V5 > > > > > > P2V5 > > > > > > > >
321.Sq   - - - - - - PBM5 > > > - - - - - - - - - -
ROYAL CANADIAN NAVY FLEET AIR ARM - SQUADRONS & AIRCRAFTS
Squadron Role 194+ 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967
VF870   - - FB11 > > > F2H3 > > > > > > Cheat Cheat Cheat Cheat Cheat - -
VF871   - - FB11 > > > > > > > - - - - - - - - - -
VS880   - - TBM > > > > > S2A > > > > > > > > > > - -
VS881   - - TBM > > > > > S2A > - - - - - - - - - -
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Specifications
   
The Sea Venom was the navalised version of the RAF Venom NF2 two-seat night fighter used by British, Australian, and French navies:
  
DH112 Variants
FAW20
FAW21
FAW22
FAW53
A200
A202
A203
Equivalent to       FAW21 FAW20    
Length - - - - - - -
Wingspan - - - - - - -
Height - - - - - - -
Crew 2 2 2 2 2 2 1
Radar SCR720 APS-57 APS-57 APS-57 na na APQ-65
Engine: type Ghost 103 Ghost 104 Ghost 105 Ghost 104 Ghost 103 Ghost 103 Ghost 103
Engine: thrust 4850.lbf 4950.lbf 5300.lbf 4950.lbf 4850.lbf 4850.lbf 4850.lbf
Engine: SFC - - - - - - -
Weight: empty - - - - - - -
Weight: MTO - - - - - - -
Fuel - - - - - - -
Armament: Guns - - - - - - -
Armament: Ammos - - - - - - -
Armament: Missiles - - Firestreak - - - 2×AA511
Armament: Pylons - - - - - - -
Armament: Pylons - - - - - - -
Armament: HVAR             8×5"
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L’Aquilon est le premier avion à réaction opérationnel dans la Marine, et donc le premier jet embarqué. Construit sous licence à partir de 1952 par la Société Nationale de Construction Aéronautique du Sud-Est (SNCASE) à Marignane, il sera décliné en différentes versions et utilisé en unités de 1955 à 1966.

A la base, le premier modèle Aquilon Mk20 est produit à partir de sous-ensembles livrés par De Havilland et conformes au Sea Venom Mk20, lui même une version navalisée du chasseur de nuit biplace DH Venom NF-2. Les modèles suivants sont complètement produits par la SNCASE (sous licence) ; ils bénéficient d’une verrière coulissante et d’un train renforcé. La production de série totalise 96 exemplaires de quatre versions différentes, plus 5 avions de pré-série :

- Aquilon Mk20, 25 exemplaires : avions 1 à 25, biplaces pour l’entraînement (sans radar) ;
- Aquilon 202, 25 exemplaires : avions 26 à 50, biplaces avec télémètres et sièges éjectables ;
- Aquilon 203, 40 exemplaires : avions 51 à 90, monoplaces de chasse de nuit avec radar APQ-65 ;
- Aquilon 204, 6 exemplaires : avions 91 à 96, biplace d’entraînement avec radar APQ-65, sans canons.

Deux flottilles et quatre escadrilles utiliseront l’Aquilon : la 11F basée à Karouba Bizerte, de 1955 à 1962, la 16F, basée à Hyères, de 1955 à 1964, les escadrilles 2S (Lann-Bihoué), 10S (Saint-Raphaël, mais les Aquilon sont basés à Hyères), 54S (Hyères) et 59S (Hyères). Ajoutons aussi la Section Aquilon de Cuers.

L’utilisation opérationnelle en Afrique du Nord incluera jusqu’en 1959 le déploiement à Alger de six à huit avions des flottilles 11F et 16F, alternativement, pour des missions de défense aérienne et d’appui au sol, ainsi que les activités durant les évènements de Bizerte en juillet 1961. A compter de 1960, la 11F détache aussi des avions sur les bases de Télergma, Bône, Biskra, et Ouargla. Chacune des flottilles était armée de six Aquilon 202 et de dix Aquilon 203.

Paradoxalement, il faudra attendre les essais du Clemenceau pour voir le premier appontage d’un Aquilon sur un porte-avions français, le 30 mars 1960 (LV La Ferrière). La carrière de chasseur embarqué de l’Aquilon s’achèvera déjà en septembre 1963 : pour les « pingouins chasseurs » sonne déjà l’heure de l’Etendard IV et du Crusader, et les flottilles 11F et 16F seront armées du monoréacteur de chez Dassault. Toutefois, la 16F Etendard IVP ne reprendra pas l’insigne du « Rapace dans la nuit », illustrant la mission de Chasse Tout-Temps, elle préfèrera la « Grue noire tenant une pierre », symbole de vigilance. Le dernier vol officiel de l’Aquilon dans l’Aéronautique Navale a lieu le 30 juin 1966.

Avion de transition, l’Aquilon aura permis à l’aviation embarquée de s’initier au réacteur, offrant un successeur au Hellcat pour la mission de chasse tout-temps, et côtoyant le Corsair qui demeura le maître des missions d’assaut jusqu’en 1964


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Avion de transition, l’Aquilon aura permis à l’aviation embarquée de s’initier au réacteur, offrant un successeur au Hellcat pour la mission de chasse tout-temps, et côtoyant le Corsair qui demeura le maître des missions d’assaut jusqu’en 1964.
Pour en savoir plus :
Les flottilles et escadrilles ayant armé des Aquilon :
1 - Flottille 11F : 04/04/55 - 18/04/62   3 - Escadrille 2S : ...?-...?   5 - Escadrille 54S : 1956-05/1958
2 - Flottille 16F : 03/01/55 - 01/04/64) 4 - CEPA 10S : 1957-01/07/64 6 -  Escadrille 59S : 1957-04/1964
7 - Section Cuers : 1964?-1965?            
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Dimensions
Longueur x Envergure : 11,14 x 13,07 mètres
Hauteur : 2,31 / 3,0 mètres
Masses
Masse à vide : 4450 kg
Masse maximale : 6800 kg
Versions
Type Nb d'exemplaires Observations
Aquilon Mk20 25 (avions 1 à 25) biplaces pour l’entraînement (sans radar)
Aquilon 202 25 (avions 26 à 50) biplaces avec télémètres et sièges éjectables
Aquilon 203 40 (avions 51 à 90) monoplaces de chasse de nuit avec radar APQ-65
Aquilon 204 6 (avions 91 à 96) biplace d’entraînement avec radar APQ-65, sans canons
Propulsion
Motorisation : un turboréacteur De Havilland Ghost 48 (103)
Puissance : 2200 kg de poussée
Vitesses
Vitesse maximale : 945 km/h
Plafond pratique : 13720 m
Autonomie
Rayon d’action : 420 nautiques
Armement
4 canons Hispano de 20mm (éventuellement 8 roquettes de 5 pouces) ; possibilité d’emport de deux missiles Matra 511
Radar (Aquilon 203)
un AN/APQ-65 couplé à un calculateur de tir
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Squadrons
   
Text.
   
Text

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The Sea Venom was the navalised version of the Venom NF.2 two-seat night fighter, and was used as an all-weather interceptor by the FAA. The necessary modifications for use on the Royal Navy's aircraft carriers included folding wings, a tailhook (which retracted into a characteristic "lip" over the jetpipe) and strengthened, long-stroke undercarriage. The canopy was modified to allow ejection from underwater. The first prototype made its first flight in 1951, and began carrier trials that same year. A further two prototypes were built.[1] The first production Sea Venom took the designation FAW.20 (Fighter, All-Weather). It was powered by a single de Havilland Ghost 103 turbojet engine and its armament was the same as the RAF version. The next variant was the FAW.21, which included the modifications introduced in the Venom NF.2A and NF.3. Some of these modifications included the Ghost 104 engine, a clear-view canopy and American radar. The final Royal Navy variant was the FAW.22 powered by the Ghost 105 engine. A total of 39 of this type were built in 1957–58. Some were later fitted out with the de Havilland Firestreak air-to-air missile.

Seven FAW.21s were modified in 1958 for Electronic countermeasures (ECM) purposes, with the cannon replaced by the ECM equipment. These became the ECM.21. 831 Naval Air Squadron, the sole squadron to be equipped with it, was shore-based at RAF Watton from 1963 and disbanded in 1966. Converted FAW.22s were similarly known as the ECM.22.

A modernised Sea Venom project, the DH.116 with swept wings and upgraded radar was considered, but cancelled as the Royal Navy believed that any replacement needed two engines. The de Havilland Sea Vixen ultimately replaced the Sea Venom.

OPERATIONAL LIFE

Royal Navy serviceEdit
The Sea Venom saw much service during its time with the Royal Navy. In 1956, they, alongside RAF Venoms, took part in the Suez War which began on 31 October. They were part of Nos. 809, 892 and 893 Naval Air Squadrons based on the light fleet carrier HMS Albion and fleet carrier HMS Eagle. The Anglo-French invasion, codenamed Operation Musketeer, took place in response to the nationalisation of the Suez Canal by Egypt's leader, General Nasser. The air war began on the 31 October 1956 signalling the beginning of the Suez War. The Sea Venoms launched many sorties, bombing a variety of targets in Egypt in the process.

In 1958, during the Cyprus Emergency, Sea Venoms of 809 NAS, operating off Albion, flew a number of sorties against the Cypriot terrorists. The type also saw service during conflicts in the Middle East.

By 1959, the Sea Venom began to be replaced in Royal Navy service by the de Havilland Sea Vixen, an aircraft that also had the distinctive twin-boom tail. The Sea Venom would be withdrawn from frontline service soon afterwards. The type continued to fly with second line FAA units until the last were withdrawn in 1970.

Service with other nationsEdit


Royal Navy Sea Venom aircraft being handed over to the Royal Australian Navy, ca. 1955
Thirty-nine Sea Venom FAW.53s saw service with the Royal Australian Navy (RAN), replacing the Hawker Sea Fury. The Sea Venom entered service in 1956 and, during its service with the RAN, operated off the aircraft carrier HMAS Melbourne. It was taken out of first-line service in 1967, replaced by the American A-4 Skyhawk. The Aquilon saw service with the French Navy until being withdrawn in 1963.


VARIANTS

VenomEdit
Sea Venom NF.20
Prototype Sea Venom, based on Venom NF.2.,[2][3] three-built.
FAW.20
Initial production aircraft, based on Venom NF.2A. 4,850 lbf (21.6 kN) Ghost 103 turbojet engine, AI Mk 10 (US SCR 720) radar.[4] 50 built.[2]
FAW.21
Improved version, equivalent to Venom NF.3. 4,950 lbf (22.1 kN) Ghost 104 engine, AI Mk 21 (US APS-57) radar, strengthened long-stroke undercarriage.[5][6] 167 built.
ECM.21
Six FAW.21s modified from 1957 for ECM purposes. No armament.[7]
FAW.22
More powerful (5,300 lbf (23.6 kN))  engine, giving improved high-altitude performance.[8] 39 new built.[6]
ECM.22
Equivalent of ECM.21, based on FAW.22
FAW.53
Australian designation for the Sea Venom FAW.21. 39 built.[4]
SNCASE AquilonEdit


SNCASE (Sud-Est) licence-built 121 Sea Venom FAW.20 as the Aquilon for the French Navy.

Aquilon 20 - 4 examples assembled from the parts provided by de Havilland plus 25 locally built.
Aquilon 201 - Single prototype built in France.
Aquilon 202 - Two-seat version with ejector seats, an American AN/APQ-65 radar and air-conditioning. 50 built.
Aquilon 203 - Single-seat version with an American AN/APQ-94 radar and equipped with racks for air-to-air missiles. Prototype converted from Aquilon 202 plus 40 built.
Aquilon 204 - Two-seat training version without guns. 6 Converted from Aquilon 20.


OPERATORS


Venom operatorsEdit
Australia
Royal Australian Navy Fleet Air Arm
724 Squadron
805 Squadron
808 Squadron
United Kingdom
Royal Navy Fleet Air Arm
700 Naval Air Squadron
736 Naval Air Squadron
738 Naval Air Squadron
750 Naval Air Squadron
766 Naval Air Squadron
787 Naval Air Squadron
800 Naval Air Squadron
808 Naval Air Squadron
809 Naval Air Squadron
810 Naval Air Squadron
831 Naval Air Squadron
890 Naval Air Squadron
891 Naval Air Squadron
892 Naval Air Squadron
893 Naval Air Squadron
894 Naval Air Squadron
Airwork Fleet Requirements Unit
Aquilon operatorsEdit
France
French Navy Aviation Navale
11F Naval Squadron
16F Naval squadron


SPECIFICATIONS


General characteristics
Crew: 2
Length: 36 ft 7 in (11.15 m)
Wingspan: 42 ft 10 in (13.06 m)
Height: 8 ft 6¼ in (2.60 m)
Wing area: 279.8 ft² (25.9 m²)
Max. takeoff weight: 15,800 lb (7,167 kg)
Powerplant: 1 × de Havilland Ghost 105 turbojet, 5,300 lbf (23.6 kN)
Performance

Maximum speed: 575 mph (500 knots, 927 km/h) at sea level
Range: 705 mi (613 nmi, 1,135 km)
Service ceiling: 39,500 ft (12,040 m)
Rate of climb: 5,750 ft/min (29.2 m/s)</ul>Armament

Guns: 4× 20 mm (.79 in) Hispano Mk.V cannon, 150 rpg
Rockets: 8× "60lb" RP-3 unguided rockets
Bombs: 2× 1000 lb (450 kg) bombs[6]

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RAN Type C/N IN RAN Codes OUT Notes
01 N4-893 FAW.53 12750 1956.02.27 882, 803 1962 crash
02 N4-894 FAW.53 12751 1956.02.27 205, 868, 806, 806/M 1959 crash
03 N4-895 FAW.53 12752 1956.02.27 804, 865, 870, 867 1958 crash
04 N4-896 FAW.53 12753 1956.02.27 206, 206/Y 1957 crash
05 N4-897 FAW.53 12754 1956.02.27 801/M, 864/M, 864/NW, 211/Y, 206/Y 1958 crash
06 N4-898 FAW.53 12755 1956.02.27 862, 863, 874 1957 crash
07 N4-899 FAW.53 12756 1956.02.27 801, 885 1966 sold for scrap
08 N4-900 FAW.53 12757 1956.02.27 866 1966 crash off HMS Melbourne
09 N4-901 FAW.53 12758 1956.02.27 810/M, 867/NW, 876/NW, 875/NW, 1968 crash land HSM Melbourne
10 N4-902 FAW.53 12759 1956.02.27 807, 865, 884 1966 sold for scrap
11 N4-903 FAW.53 12760 1956.02.27 812, 817, 871 1966 sold for scrap
12 N4-904 FAW.53 12761 1956.02.27 804, 864, 868 1966 sold for scrap
13 N4-905 FAW.53 12762 1956.02.27 863, 886 1966 sold for scrap
14 N4-906 FAW.53 12763 1956.02.27 803, 804, 880 1966 sold for scrap
15 N4-907 FAW.53 12764 1956.02.27 808, 864, 886, 866 on display
16 N4-908 FAW.53 12765 1956.02.27 804, 864M, 864, 875, 887, 866 1966 stored
17 N4-909 FAW.53 12766 1956.02.27 887, 865 1959 crash
18 N4-910 FAW.53 12767 1956.02.27 802, 808, 867 1966 wfu
19 N4-911 FAW.53 12768 1956.02.27 207, 806M, 887, 810/M, 867/NW 1964 crash
20 N4-927 FAW.53 12769 1956.02.27 802, 865, 867 1960 crash
21 N4-928 FAW.53 12770 1956.02.27 806, 886 1966 sold for scrap
22 N4-929 FAW.53 12771 1956.02.27 800, 801, 803, 810, 881 1966 sold for scrap
23 N4-930 FAW.53 12772 1956.02.27 806, 804, 805, 865 1966 sold for scrap
24 N4-931 FAW.53 12773 1956.02.27 887, 868, 877 1966 wfu
25 N4-932 FAW.53 12774 1956.02.27 866, 864, 864/NW 1964 crash
26 N4-933 FAW.53 12775 1956.02.27 207, 207/Y 1956 crash off HMS Melbourne
27 N4-934 FAW.53 12776 1956.02.27 208, 864, 872 1966 sold for scrap
28 N4-935 FAW.53 12777 1956.02.27 210, 865, 878 1973 wfu
29 N4-936 FAW.53 12778 1956.02.27 203, 210/Y 1957 crash
30 N4-937 FAW.53 12779 1956.02.27 211 1966 wfu
31 N4-938 FAW.53 12780 1956.02.27 208, 872 1968 wfu
32 N4-939 FAW.53 12781 1956.02.27 212, 803 1966 wfu
33 N4-940 FAW.53 12782 1956.02.27 887, 809 1962 crash
34 N4-941 FAW.53 12783 1956.02.27 875, 866, 875 1960 crash
35 N4-942 FAW.53 12784 1956.02.27 207, 809 1963 wfu
36 N4-943 FAW.53 12785 1956.02.27 805, 807, 865, 876 1973 wfu
37 N4-944 FAW.53 12786 1956.02.27 810, 873 1966 sold for scrap
38 N4-945 FAW.53 12787 1956.02.27 804, 805, 866 1966 sold for scrap
39 N4-946 FAW.53 12788 1956.02.27 807/M, 809/M, 809, 817/M, 869 1974 wfu
From 30 June 1955 to 27 February 1956, 808 Sqn, RAN was loaned at least nine Sea Venom FAW.20 aircraft (coded 261 to 269) from the RN FAA ex 893 Sqn, RN. 808 Sqn was was converting to Sea Venoms at RNAS Yeovilton (HMS Heron) in the UK and the RAN Sea Venom crews had been undergoing training on their aircraft by 'X' Flight of the Royal Navy's 891 Squadron. (891 Sqn, RN Squadron was equipped with Sea Venom FAW.21s or FAW.20s upgraded to the later standard).

Sadly WM551 (265) was lost along with her crew and others on the ground ground when it crashed into buildings and caravans in the ratings' married quarters caravan site in foggy conditions on the 5th of January 1956. The remaining airframes were returned to the RN on the 27th of February 1956 as 808 Sqn returned to Australia with its complement of Sea Venom FAW.53's.

RN Ser Type C/N IN RAN Codes OUT Notes
01 WM512 FAW.20 12609 1954.09.21 263 1956 wfu
02 WM517 FAW.20 12616 1954.04.30 265? 1956 wfu
03 WM518 FAW.20 12622 1954.03.17 268, 267? 1956 wfu
04 WM519 FAW.20 12618 1954.04.04 203, 26? 1956 wfu
05 WM548 FAW.20 12331 1954.11.09 264 1956 wfu
06 WM549 FAW.20 12632 1954.10.29 267 1956 wfu
07 WM550 FAW.20 12633 1954.10.05 266 1956 wfu
08 WM551 FAW.20 12634 1955.02.08 265 1955 crash
09 WM553 FAW.20 12636 1955.02.15 261 1956 wfu

Page Authors Bob Geale ,Dave Masterson and Brendan Cowan.
Updated by
 Brendan Cowan and Martin Edwards

Source: Australian Aviation Magazine, Australian Aviation Annual 2001, Australia's Museum of Flight, www.ukserials.com , www.scramblemagazine.nl ,

Emails: Wayne Peadon, Ian French, Dave Masterson, Tom McGhee, Greg Hyde, CMDR John Crawley, Dean Norman, Mark Clayton, Bob Geale, Martin Edwards, Phil Thompson, Joe Barr, Brendan Cowan, E."Sandy" Sandberg, Michael Sandberg, Rod Farquhar, Bevin Springer, Steve Long.

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805 Sqn Royal Australian Navy
1948.08.28 Re-formed as a fighter squadron with Hawker Sea Furies for service in HMAS Sydney as part of 20th Carrier Air Group
1951.08.31 Departs Australia for Korean War
1951.10.11 Sets light fleet carrier record by flying 89 sorties in one day
1952.01.27 1st Tour in Korea ends
1952.10 Participates in 'Operation Hurricane,' British nuclear tests in the Monte Bello Islands
1953.10.27 Departs Australia for 2nd tour in Korea
1943.05.04 2nd Tour in Korea ends
1958.03.26 De-commissioned at NAS Nowra
1958.03.31 Re-commissioned at NAS Nowra with de Havilland Sea Venoms for service in HMAS Melbourne
1963.06.30 De-commissioned at NAS Nowra
1968.01.10 Re-commissioned at NAS Nowra with McDonnell Douglas Skyhawks for service in HMAS Melbourne
1971.11 Sets a Skyhawk endurance record by flying 3379 kilometres from NAS Nowra to Fremantle in four and a half hours
1982.07.02 De-commissioned at NAS Nowra
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816 Sqn Royal Australian Navy
1948.08.28 Re-commissioned at RNAS Eglinton equipped with Fairey Fireflies for service in HMAS Sydney as part of 20th CAG
1952.10 Participates in 'Operation Hurricane,' British nuclear tests in the Monte Bello Islands
1953.10.27 Departs Australia for tour in Korea
1954.05.04 Tour in Korea ends
1955.04.27 De-commissioned at NAS Nowra
1955.08.15 Re-commissioned at RNAS Culdrose equipped with Fairey Gannets
1964.07 Receives Sea Venom fighters from 723 Squadron
1967.08.25 De-commissioned at NAS Nowra
1968.01.10 Re-commissioned at NAS Nowra equipped with Grumman Trackers
1982.07.02 De-commissioned at NAS Nowra
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817 Sqn Royal Australian Navy
1950.04.25 Commissioned at St Merryn, UK with Fairey Fireflies for service in HMAS Sydney as part of 21st CAG
1951.08.31 Departs Australia for Korean War
1951.10.11 Sets light fleet carrier record by flying 89 sorties in one day
1952.01.27 Tour in Korea ends
1955.04.27 De-commissioned at NAS Nowra
1955.08.23 Re-commissioned at RNAS Culdrose, UK with Fairey Gannets
1958.08.18 De-commissioned at NAS Nowra
1963.07.08 Re-commissioned at NAS Nowra with Westland Wessex helicopters
1976.02.02 Squadron re-equipped with Westland Sea King helicopters
1982.06.30 HMAS Melbourne de-commissioned. HS817 Squadron moves to NAS Nowra
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724 Sqn Royal Australian Navy
1955.06.01 Re-commissioned into the RAN at NAS Nowra as a fixed-wing conversion training unit with a variety of aircraft
1958.01.13 Becomes an all-jet squadron flying Sea Vampires and Sea Venoms
1961.05.31 725 Squadron de-commissions and its aircraft is transferred to 724 Squadron
1963.06.30 805 Squadron de-commissions and its aircraft is transferred to 724 Squadron
1963.11 723 Squadron's fixed-wing aircraft transferred to 724 Squadron
1968.12 Becomes an all-jet squadron flying Sea Vampires, Sea Venoms and Skyhawks
1970.10 Begins taking delivery of Macchi jet trainers
1970 Sea Vampires and Sea Venoms paid off
1984.06.30 De-commissioned at NAS Nowra
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725 Sqn Royal Australian Navy
1958.01.13 Re-commissioned into the RAN at NAS Nowra as a fleet requirements and communications unit flying a range of aircraft
1961.05.31 De-commissioned at NAS Nowra
1962.11.01 Re-commissioned at NAS Nowra with Wessex helicopters for ASW training
1975.12.27 De-commissioned at NAS Nowra
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850 Sqn Royal Australian Navy
1953.01.12 Re-formed as a fighter squadron at NAS Nowra with Hawker Sea Furies
1953.10.27 Departs Australia for tour in Korea
1954.05.04 Tour in Korea ends
1954.08.03 De-commissioned at NAS Nowra
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851 Sqn Royal Australian Navy
1954.08.03 Commissioned at NAS Nowra as a training squadron flying Fairey Fireflies and Douglas Dakotas
1958.01.13 Squadron de-commissioned
1968.09.02 Squadron re-commissioned at NAS Nowra as a training/transport squadron flying Grumman Trackers and Dakotas
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