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2018-03-07

Aircraft Weapons    Air-to-Air Missiles

 

Land-based anti-aircraft weapons

Sea-based anti-aircraft weapons

 

Depending on aircraft type, weapons are carried internally and/or externally under wing and/or fuselage pylons with the number of weapons stations varying from one aircraft to the other.   To see the various weapons associated with a particular aircraft see : 

12 Armament

Guns

Bombs

Air-to-Air Missiles

Air-to-surface Missiles

Unguided Rockets

Mines, Torpedoes & ASW

Liferafts

Reconnaissance

Weapons Carrying

Drop Tanks

Misc

Radars

IRS

 

 Air-to-Air Missiles

 

Introduction

The 1960s mark the start of the use or air-to-air missiles and while history showed that their performances were disapointing (a gross understatement) they became the standard air-to-air weapon.   In the context of this game, performances and relialability will be higher than they were in that time and two essential parameters are not consistent with the reality of the mid-sixties :

Target acquisition

In these early days some missiles were declined in two different versions : tipped with an infrared (IR) detector or with a radar receiver.   In the latter case, the radar guided missiles were beam riders (BR) with only the Sparrow having a proximity active radar (AR) capacity

Several missiles only existed in one version (i.e. either radar or infra-red) - this specificity is respected but : 

  some missiles may have an active homing (AR) rather than a beam reading (BR) seaker, making them fantasy fire&forget (F&F) weapons

  infrared guided missiles do not have a head-on capacity, restricting them to real world "tail shooting" only

Standard weapon

In the game, the American AIM-9 Sidewinder and the Soviet AA-2 Atoll are "standard" weapons available to most if not all types of aircrafts in IR mode and to specific aircrafts in BR mode.   While making the IR version an almost universal missile is departure from the reality, in practice wiring up an aircraft to carry such missiles relying on the missile's seeker for detection and acquisition of targets rests within reasonable feasibility, at least as far as the AIM-9B and AA-2B are concerned

Air-to-Air Missiles Accuracy -  Background Data and Suggested Implication in AAC

In the time past, the probability of missile destroying its intended target was low.  "Very low" would be a more appropriate assessement.   The table below, based on figures usually published, is a reminder of this.   Considering that pilots would often ripple fire more than one missile at a time to increase the kill probability, the results may have to be corrected accordingly.  As outlined in the table, the "kill probability" or accuracy level in AAC might vary according different factors.   At this stage, these are suggested data to be refined.

  Missiles
Fired
Targets
Destroyed
Kill Ratio
(USAF)
Kill Ratio
Player
Kill Ratio
Wingmen
Kill Ratio
Opposition
Kill Ratio
Player
Kill Ratio
Wingmen
Kill Ratio
Opposition
Level - - - Arcade Arcade Arcade Sim 1 Sim 2 Sim 3 Sim 1 Sim 2 Sim 3 Sim 1 Sim 2 Sim 3
AIM-4 Falcon 51 7 9.80% 75% 65% 10% 55% 35% 15% 55% 35% 15% 10% 10% 10%
AIM-9 Sidewinder ('65-'68) 175 28 16.00% 75% 65% 16% 60% 40% 20% 60% 40% 20% 15% 15% 15%
AIM-7 Sparrow 612 56 9.15% 75% 65% 10% 55% 35% 15% 55% 35% 15% 10% 10% 10%
Missiles.1 : Air-to-air

Range

Speed Weight Warhead Dimensions Dim Lock Flight In Game In Game
Fire Sequ. : individual

Mach

T:Kg T:lb WH:Kg WH:lb L=m =m W.Span Km Path Track Range Track ID
Drawings: Shipbucket style FD scale
Notes        
AIM-4A/BR 1956 12000 9.km 4.0 57.kg 126.lb 1 kg 3.lb 1.981 0.163 0.508 5.km

~

BR 9.km BR //
AIM-4F/BR 1960 3400 11.km 4.0 69.kg 150.lb 2 kg 5.lb 2.194 0.163 0.609 5.km

~

BR 11.km BR AAM-4F
Notes        
AIM-4C/IR 1957 26000 9.km 4.0 58.kg 128.lb 1 kg 3.lb 2.019 0.163 0.508 5.km

~

Lock 9.km IR AAM-4C
AIM-4G/IR 1960 2700 11.km 4.0 66.kg 146.lb 2 kg 5.lb 2.096 0.169 0.610 5.km

~

Lock 11.km IR AAM-4G
Notes        
AIM-26B/BR 1962 4000 19.km 4.0 118.kg 259.lb 22.kg 48.lb 2.159 0.290 0.622 10.km

~

BR 19.km BR AAM26B
AIM-26C/IR Cheat - 19.km 4.0 118.kg 259.lb 22.kg 48.lb 2.180 0.168 0.610 10.km

~

BR 19.km IR AAM26C
    - - - - - - - - - -

-

- - - -
AIM-47A 1965 80 185.km 4.0 371.kg 818.lb 44.kg 97.lg 3.810 0.343 0.838 185.km

~

BR 185.km BR AAM47A
Notes        
AIM-7E/BR 1963 25000 30.km 4.0 197.kg 435.lb 30.kg 65.lb 3.660 0.203 1.020
0.810
8.km

~

BR/AR 30.km BR AAM-7E
Notes        
AIM-9B/IR 1956 80000 8.km AS+1.7 70.kg 155.lb 5 kg 10 lb 2.830 0.127 0.560 5.km

~

Lock 8.km F&F AAM-9B
AIM-9C/BR 1963 1000 18.km AS+1.7 70.kg 155.lb 5 kg 10 lb 2.830 0.127 0.560 8.km

~

BR 18.km BR AAM-9C
AIM-9D/IR 1965 1000 18.km AS+2.5 88.kg 195.lb 11 kg 25 lb 2.870 1.127 0.630 8.km

~

Lock 18.km F&F AAM-9D
1961 900 8.km 1.8 172.kg 379.lb 25 kg 55 lb 3.100 0.263 1.000 8.km

~

BR 8.km BR AAM511
1963 4000      
R-530A/IR 1963   15.km 2.7 195.kg 430.lb 27 kg 59 lb 3.280 0.263 1.100 8.km

~

Lock 15.km IR AAM531
R-530B/BR 1963   15.km 2.7 195.kg 430.lb 27 kg 59 lb 3.280 0.263 1.100 8.km

~

BR 15.km BR AAM532
1957 ? 6.km 3.0 136 kg 300 lb 23 kg 50 lb 3.190 0.223 0.750 8 km

~

Lock 6 km IR AAMFSK
1964 ? 12.km 3.2 154 kg 339 lb 31 kg 68 lb 3.320 0.230 0.910 8 km

~

Lock 12 km IR AAMRTP
1959 ? 6.km 2.5 83 kg 183 lb 13 kg 29 lb 2.500 0.200 0.654 5 km

~

Lock 6 km IR AAM-1A
         
AA-2/IR 1960   5.km 2.5 90.kg 198.lb 7 kg 16 lb 3.420 0.127 0.630 8.km

~

Lock 8.km IR AAM-2B
AA-2/IR 1965   15.km 2.5 90.kg 198.lb 7 kg 16 lb 3.420 0.127 0.630 8.km

~

Lock 18.km IR AAM-2C
AA-2/BR 1966   15.km 2.5 90.kg 198.lb 7kg 16 lb 3.420 0.127 0.630 8.km

~

BR 18.km BR AAM-2D
       
AA-3/IR 1960   23.km 2.0 292.kg 643.lb 40 kg 88 lb 4.270 0.280 1.300 12.km

~

Lock 23.km IR AAM-3B
AA-3/BR 1960   23.km 2.0 292.kg 643.lb 40 kg 88 lb 3.420 0.127 0.630 12.km

~

BR 23.km BR AAM-3C
        -
AA-5/IR 1963   25.km 1.6 492.kg 1083.lb 53 kg 117 lb 5.450 0.310 1.300 12.km

~

Lock 25.km IR AAM-5B
AA-5/BR 1960   25.km 1.6 492.kg 1083.lb 53 kg 117 lb 5.450 0.310 1.300 12.km

~

BR 25.km BR AAM-5C
    D I S C A R D E D   I T E M S    
Missiles.1 : Air-to-air

Range

Speed Weight Warhead Dimensions Dim Lock Flight In Game In Game
Fire Sequ. : individual

Mach

T:Kg T:lb WH:Kg WH:lb L=m =m W.Span Km Path Track Range Track Name
AIM-4B/IR 1956 - 11.km 3.0 56.kg 124.lb 1 kg 3.lb 1.981 0.163 0.508 5.km

~

Lock 11.km IR AAM-4B
AIM-4D/IR 1962 4000 11.km 3.0 61.kg 134.lb 1 kg 3.lb 2.012 0.163 0.508 5.km

~

Lock 11.km IR AAM-4D
AIM-4E/BR 1958 300 14.km 4.0 64.kg 140.lb 2 kg 5.lb 2.184 0.163 0.610 5.km

~

BR 14.km BR AAM-4E
AIM-7A/BR 1956 2000 10.km 2.5 143.kg 315.lb 20.kg 45.lb 3.740 0.203 0.940
0.880
8.km

~

BR/AR 10.km BR AAM-7A
AIM-7B/BR 1958 2000 7.km 2.5 176.kg 389.lb 20.kg 45.lb 3.850 0.203 1.020
0.880
8.km

~

BR/AR 7.km BR AAM-7B
AIM-7C/BR 1958   11.km 4.0 172.kg 380.lb 30.kg 65.lb 3.660 2.203 1.020
0.810
8.km

~

BR/AR 11.km BR AAM-7C
AIM-7D/BR 1963 7500 30.km 4.0 197.kg 435.lb 30.kg 65.lb 3.660 0.203 1.020
0.810
8.km

~

BR/AR 30.km BR AAM-7D
AIM-7F/BR     70.km 4.0 231.kg 510.lb 39.kg 86.lb 3.660 0.203 1.020
0.810
8.km

~

BR/AR 10.km

AR

AAM-7F
 

Additional Background Data
AIR-TO-AIR MISSILES
Missile Origin Length
(m)
Weight
(kg)
Warhead
(kg)
Speed
(Mach)
Range
(km)
Guidance Propulsion
AIM-120  AMRAAM USA 3,7 108 22 4 70 AR rocket ramjet
AIM- 54  Phoenix USA 4 447 60 5 200 AR Rocketdyne Mk47
Aspide   Italy 3,7 220 33 4 100 SAR Rocketdyne Mk38
Derby   Israel 3,6 118 11 4 63 AR rocket ramjet
IRIS-T   Europe 2,9 87 11 2 12 IR rocket ramjet
MAA-1  Piranha Brazil 2,7 86 12 3 6 IR solid propellant
R 550 Magic France 2,7 90 12 3 10 IR butalane
Meteor   Europe 3,6 110 n.a. 3 100 AR rocket ramjet
MICA   France 3,1 112 12 4 60 AR/IR solid propergol
PL-12   China 3,9 200 n.d. 4 70 INS/AR solid propellant
Python 4   Israel 3 120 11 4 15 IR solid propergol
R-23   Russia 4,4 235 30 4 20 IR solid propellant
R-27   Russia 4,5 350 37 4 110 SAR/IR rocket ramjet
R-33   Russia 4,1 490 47 4 120 SAR solid propellant
R-60   Russia 2,1 55 6 3 5 IR solid propellant
R-73   Russia 2,9 110 7,4 4 40 IR solid propellant
R-77   Russia 3,6 175 30 4 50 AR solid propellant
AIM-9 Sidewinder USA 3 85 9 3 29 IR solid propellant
Skyflash   UK 3,6 193 30 4 50 SAR Aerojet Mk52
AIM-7 Sparrow USA 3,6 228 40 4 100 SAR Aerojet Mk58
R530 Super France 3,5 250 30 4 40 SAR/IR butalane

Sparrow Family (other source)

Missiles

  Origin Length
(m)
Weight
(kg)
Warhead
(kg)
Speed
(Mach)
Range
(km)
Production Propulsion
AIM-7A Sparrow USA 3.740 65 20 2.5 10 2000 8" Span:  940mm/880mm
AIM-7C Sparrow USA 3.660 78 30 4 11 X2000 8" Span:1020mm/810mm
AIM-7D Sparrow USA 3.660 78 30 4 11 7500 8" Span:1020mm/810mm
AIM-7E (1963) Sparrow USA 3.660 89 30 4 30 25000 8" Span:1020mm/810mm
AIM-7F (1972) Sparrow USA 3.660 105 39 4 70 15000+ 8" Span:1020mm/810mm
AIM-7H Sparrow USA 3.660 89 30 4 30 2000+ 8" Span:1020mm/810mm
AIM-7M Sparrow USA 3.660 105 40 4 30 5000+ 8" Span:1020mm/810mm
AIM-7P Sparrow USA 3.660 105 40 4 30 ??? 8" Span:1020mm/810mm
AIR-TO-SURFACE MISSILES
AGM 86C Tomahawk USA 6,3 1.540 450   0,7 2.500 AR turbofan

ALARM

  UK 4,3 n.a. (1)   2 45 PR solid propergol
Apache   France 5 1.230 (2) n.a. 140 AR microturbo TRI 60
AV/MTC- 300 Matador Brazil 5 700 200   0,7 300 AR n.a.
Brahmos Mk.1   India/Russia 8,4 3.000 300   2,9 290 GPS/INS/IR solid propellant/ramjet
Durandal   France 2,7 195 100   0,9 (3) n.a. solid propellant
Exocet   France 4,7 655 165   0,9 70 AR solid propellant
HARM   USA 4,1 361 66   2 18 PR thiokol
Harpoon   USA 3,8 526 227   0,7 90 AR turbojet Teledyne
AGM-158 JASSM USA 4,3 975 450   0,7 370 GPS / INS turbojet Teledyne
Kormoran   Germany 4,4 600 160   0,9 37 AR solid propellant
Maverick   USA 2,5 288 56   1 40 IR / Laser thiokol
Moskit Kh- 41   Russia 9,7 4.500 320   3 250 AR rocket ramjet
Penguin   Norway 3 370 130   1,2 40 IR solid propergol
Sea Eagle   UK 4,1 550 230   0,9 110 AR turbojet
SCALP   France 5,1 1.300 n.a.   0,8 250 IR / GPS turbojet TRI 60
Storm Shadow   UK 5,1 1.300 n.a.   0,8 250 IR / GPS turbojet TRI 60
Taurus KEPD 350   DE/SW 5,1 1.400 500   0,9 500 INS / GPS turbofan

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