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GLOSTER  CXP-1001  Ace

The story which did happen ... outside Atlantic Air Combat

Herebelow is the reproduction of an article published with International Resil Modellers Association about the real Gloster CXP–1001.  The story published on the BXP–1002 Background page is partly true, but it is burried into a fictional one assembled for the purpose of Atlantic Air Combat™ only, while IRMA has assembled an excellent background summary of this aicraft that never was.  This reproduction has been edited but interrested readers will find the original IRMA articles on the following pages :

http://www.internationalresinmodellers.com/articles_5_gloster_cxp-1001 about the aircraft (thus reproduced here)
http://www.internationalresinmodellers.com/articles_2_building_a_gloster_cxp-1001 about the 1/72 scale model itself


International Resin Modellers Association©SM®TM

International Resin Modellers Association ©SM®TM
Zane R Nobbs
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Article 5

The Gloster CXP-1001 Chinese Experimental Pursuit

Gloster CXP- 1001中實驗的追求

Model by Zane R Nobbs Photograph by Al Maciejewski

The first kit of the International Resin Modellers Association is the initial jet fighter designed for the Republic of China to specific specifications for production in China with Chinese involvement in the concept, design and initial production. Known as the Gloster CXP-1001, CXP for Chinese Experimental Pursuit plane, it did reach the mock-up stage and component pre-production status. The reason and purpose for such an aircraft was not only the Chinese Civil War, but also to maintain China's status globally after the Second World War as one of the great powers.

At the turn of the 20th century China found itself embroiled in a revolution against an archaic and extremely corrupt monarchy. After this was overthrown came a republic under Dr. Sun Yat-Sen composed of Republicans, Nationalists, Socialists, Communists and others. Following the First World War the dominant political party in China became the Kuomintang founded by Dr. Sun. Upon his death a conflict arose between the Nationalists, led by Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek and the Communists under Chairman Mao Tse-Tung. The Kuomintang (Nationalists) included the Blue Shirts roughly based on fascist principles as found in Italy under "Il Duce" Benito Mussolini's Black Shirts and the "Führer" Adolf Hitler's Brown Shirts. The Communists followed the teaching of "Marshal" Stalin's Red Army. In fact, during the time prior to the Second World War China had technical advisors from Germany, Italy and the Soviet Union assisting each side. At one point, when the Japanese invaded, General Tojo and Generalissimo Chiang looked to Adolf Hitler as a possible candidate to offer an objective solution to the situation. This came to an abrupt end with the alliance between Germany, Italy and Japan. However, the Chinese Civil War continued.

There was some temporary cooperation between the Nationalists and Communists with much encouragement from the U.S.A., U.K. and Soviet Union during World War II, however, with the final defeat of the Japanese any need for keeping a truce came to an end. With the U.S.A. becoming war-weary and wary of trusting Chiang, who had been hoarding weapons for the civil war instead of using them against Japan,  and the Soviet Union acting clandestinely to supply the Communists with ex-Japanese weapons, the Republic of China suddenly found itself in need of a new type of fighter to combat the Communists. So Generalissimo Chiang sent delegates abroad to explore possibilities of acquisition or development of the latest in propellor aircraft as well as emerging jet technology.

With little reception or support in the U.S.A., France, or Canada, the Chinese delegation under Colonel Ku suddenly and surprisingly found the United Kingdom ready and willing to help in just such a venture. The British government gave its approval for Gloster to aid in the design of a Chinese pursuit jet-plane that could be manufactured in a practical fashion within China at a skill level that most workers could attain with local materials and a minimum of imported components.

Thus the Gloster CXP-1001 was designed solely to Chinese specifications and solely for production in China. In fact, the design involved direct Chinese participation via Colonel Ku. Indeed, Chinese teams of technicians were integrated with those of Gloster throughout the conception, design and initial production stages with the British government providing automobiles, accomodations and even stipends for the Chinese engineers.

Design began with the power plant which consisted of a single Rolls-Royce R.B. 41 Nene centrifuge turbojet which had been approved for export and manufacture in the Republic of China. The aircraft was also planned to have a range of 410 miles on internal fuel and up to 1,000 miles with a slipper tank beneath the belly. This was because of the size of China and the fact that the Communists were increasing their hold of the countryside as the Nationalists held the cities. Finally, armament was to be four 20 mm cannons placed around the nose and within the fuselage.
Rolls-Royce RB 41 Nene centrifuge turbojet - Rolls-Royce photograph

As the Chinese Civil War continued, it became increasingly apparent that the Nationalist forces were not only losing territory, but could soon be defeated, at least on the mainland. Ultimately, by the late 1940s the Republic of China had been reduced to Taiwan, Haninan Island and several smaller islands along the east coast of China proper. However, the fighting spirit of the Kuomintang did not diminish! Great Britain chose to continue supporting the Nationalist Chinese.

Even after the loss of Haninan Island the Republic of China planned to continue with the project on Formosa (Taiwan) and was waiting for delivery of the component parts and drawings (Chinese designed) when the project was frozen. Grounds put forth by the United Kingdom were that Nationalist Chinese forces had attacked H.M.S. Anchises, a merchant vessle belonging to Great Britain, on 21 June 1949 and again in October of 1950. As a result, parts and drawings were disposed of without contacting the Republic of China. Also, as the U.K. was under the Labor government at that time, a friendlier face for the People's Republic of China was felt to be more of an advantage internationally. However, the Korean War was soon to change this mode of thinking and return Winston Churchill and the Conservatives to power. Of course by then the CXP-1001 plans and parts were long gone and a great loss to the Republic of China, especially as its first jet.


  • Wing Span: 38 ft 0.00 in (11.60 m)

  • Length: 41 ft 10.80 in (12.80 m)

  • Height: 14 ft 2.07 in (4.32 m)

  • Weight: 13,900 lbs (6,305 kg) at takeoff

  • Top speed: 600.0 mph (965 kph) at 10,000 ft (3,084 m)

  • Range: 410 miles (660 km) without drop tanks, 1,000 miles (1,600 km) with tanks

  • Thrust: 3,505 lbs (1,590 kgp)

  • Crew: 1, pilot

  • Armament: 4x 20 mm canon

  • Engine: Rolls-Royce RB.41 Nene centrifuge turbojet 

Here are some possible paint scenarios AAC™ Note: these have been removed from the article reproduction - please visit the original webpage to visualize this artwork ] for those of you who decide to add the Gloster CXP-1001 to your collection. These are merely suggested possibilities gathered from my own research. In one on-line article you will find the CXP-1001 presented in a red and yellow Gloster scheme (highly unlikely, see below) along with a possible bare metal format. These are two choices.

The selection presented here is based on a few different factors. In the schematic below is a variation of the British Prototype Blue as used for the Supermarine Spitfire, Hawker Hurricane and English Electric Canberra prototypes as well as the wind-tunnel model for the Miles M.52. The United Kingdom used several other colors for prototypes also including: yellow, orange-yellow, red, silver, black, white, bare metal and others along company variations post-war. It would appear that pre-war and immediate post-war prototypes were a sky blue.

Model by Zane R Nobbs Photograph by Al Maciejewski
References for this article :
  • A History of Chinese Aviation: Encyclopedia of Aircraft and Aviation in China Until 1949, by Lennart Andersson, Aviation Historical Society of the Republic of China, 2008.

  • Chinese Aircraft: China's Aviation Industry Since 1951, by Yefim Gordon and Dmitriy Komissarov, Hikoki Publications, 2008.

  • British Secret Projects: Jet Fighters Since 1950, by Tony Buttler, Midland Publishing, 2001.

  • The Encyclopedia of the World's Combat Aircraft: A Technical Directory of Major Warplanes from World War 1 to the Present Day, by Bill Gunston, Chartwell Books, Inc., 1976.

  • Flying Colors: Military Aircraft Markings and Camouflage Schemes from World War 1 to the Present Day, by William Green and Gordon Swanborough, Squadron Signal Publications, Inc., 1981.

  • Communist Chinese Air Power, by Richard M. Bueschel, Frederick A. Praeger, Publishing, 1968.

  • 軍用飛機型號與命名 (Military Aircraft Models and Their Naming), by 傅鏡平 (Jing-Ping Fu), 幼獅 (Young Lions),2002.

  • Conversations with Mr. Clarence 傅鏡平 Jing-Ping Fu, 航空历史协會-中華民國 Aviation Historical Society - Republic of China. IRMA appreciates his help in research for this kit.

  • Clarence also has a blog, in Chinese (traditional), at: http://blog.xuite.net/jpfu0313/blog/27967587

  • 中國第一個噴射機計畫CXP-1001模型 @ 平心鏡氣軒之航空別館 :: Xuite日誌

Boxart by Renaud Managallon and Zane R Nobbs

Images on this page copyright by IRMA, 2009