00:Home

10:Aircrafts

20:Carriers

30:Bases

40:Maps

50:R.O.E.

60:Crews

70:More

80:Story

90:Missions

11:Weapons

12:Armament

13:Targets

. 2017-11-20

  Notes  

 
     
     
 

MAKER  F7U-4  Name

 
     
  The story which didn't happen ... outside Atlantic Air Combat  
     
     
  See also : AAC Data Sheet
 
Illustrations :
 
 
Illustrations :
 
     
-   -

INTRODUCTION

BBB

Country = = QTY Aircraft Name 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967

USN: VP53 NA ASW 00 PBM5A Mariner 1948 1949

                                       
                                         
                                         
                                         
                                         

Title
MMM

Titlt
MMM

Title

BBB

Text continues with a little space of 6 pix - no use to have a "blank" table/line to split paragraphs

Title

Development
A product of an ongoing attempt to correct serious instability issues inherent in the Me 210, a decision was made to introduce a "new" aircraft model as opposed to simply producing a variant; so universally loathed by the Luftwaffe was the Me 210. The result: The Me 410 Hornisse, or Hornet.

The most significant change in design between the two aircraft was the introduction of the Daimler-Benz DB 603A engines, offering a significant increase in horsepower over the DB 601s and 605s utilized by the Me 210. The new power plants increased maximum speed, greatly improved the rate of climb, expanded the aircraft's service ceiling, and provided a much needed boost to cruising speed.

The much needed increase in power afforded the Me 410 with a far greater variety and amount of ordnance than its predecessor. A weapons bay under the nose was capable of carrying the devastating Bordkanone BK 5 50mm cannon (mounted on the Me 410 A-1/U4), intended to defeat the highly effective combat box formation employed by the USAAF.

Although it enjoyed some success as a daylight zerstörer, the Me 410 quickly fell prey to the nemesis of all heavy German fighters: nimble, single engine Allied fighter craft.

The Me 410's front line service was relatively short-lived, as it was introduced in mid-1943, and relegated to a supporting role from the summer of 1944 onward.

1189 Me 410 of all variants were built.

BBB

2

n

d

-

s

o

u

r

c

e

-

The original design of the Me 210 was born in late 1937 to overcome to some shortcomings of the Bf 110. In autumn 1938 RLM awarded a contract to Arado and Messerschmitt simultaneously for the development of a Bf 110 replacement. The resulting Messerschmitt design consisted in a mere improvement of the basic design with more powerful powerplants and heavier armament. Arado’s answer to the requirements was the Ar 240 but confidence in the original Bf 110 long-range fighter and bomber-destroyer concept led at the beginning of 1938 to Messerschmitt being asked to design an eventual successor. The result was the Messerschmitt Me 210 which first flew on 5 September 1939, powered by two 1,050 hp (783 kW) Daimler-Benz DB 601A engines. It proved to be extremely unsatisfactory, being difficult to handle and suffering from extreme instability.

After the first flight test of the Me 210 V1 the plane had to be heavily modified for its flying capabilities were barely poor. It had problems with longitudinal and lateral stability, and these were not suitable for a firing platform such as a combat aircraft. The design was improved by deleting the original twin vertical surfaces, similar to those of Bf 110, and fitting a large traditional vertical stabilizer and rudder with the aircraft flying on 23 September. A slight improvement was apparent, but in spite of a number of modifications carried out on the two prototypes they continued to display poor handling characteristics, being prone to stalling and spinning. In view of these problems it is difficult to understand why production was allowed to begin, but by mid-1940 a first batch of airframes was in final assembly.

Even while test flying was still going on, the RLM placed an order of 1000 Me 210As in mid-1940. The first 15 Me 210s were earmarked as test aircraft and on 5 September 1940 the program suffered the first of a number of crashes when the second prototype broke up during diving trials, fortunately the pilot escaped. The first pre-production planes were under trials in a new established special test unit Erprobungsstaffel 210 at the end of 1940. The ErG 210 was to conduct operational testing of the Me 210 and develop combat tactics for the fighter-bomber. Its first leader was Hauptmann Walter Rubensdörffer, killed in action in a Bf 110 over England before he could ever fly a Me 210. Another important victim was Oberleutnant Heinz Forgatsch of 3./SKG 210. He died in an accident while testing a Me 210 at Rechlin. Production began in Spring 1941 in both the Augsburg and Regensburg factories.

Such were the problems encountered that eight pre-production Me 210A-O and 13 production Me 210A-l aircraft were added to the test program, but in spite of this very little improvement was evident, and it was obvious that only major design changes would have any chance of correcting the faults. At this stage such a move would have caused an unacceptable delay in the production program, so deliveries began and 64 were supplied starting in April 1941 in two variants, the Me 210A-l destroyer-bomber which was armed with two 20 mm MG 151/20 cannon and two 7.92 mm (0.31 in) MG 17 machine guns, and the Me 210A-2 fighter-bomber which had a maximum bombload of 4,4091b (2000 kg).

By the end of 1941 the test program was over and the final evaluation was that it was still an unsuitable firing platform for its stability problems. Messerschmitt modified a pre-production plane (Me 210 A-0 NE+BH Werk Nr. 101) with lengthened rear fuselage (lengthened by 1½ panels) and redesignating it with the Versuch-number V17 on 14 March 1942. This modification was very successful in increasing the plane’s handling qualities. Another important modification was the fitting, in July 1942, of wing leading edge slots. Soon after flying tests it was ordered to retrofit all Me 210 As with this device.

However, on 14 April 1942, after about 200 Me 210s had been delivered (this number including two Me 210B-0 pre-production and two Me 210B-l production reconnaissance aircraft), construction was halted in favour of a resumption of manufacture of the Bf 110 to give time to try to resolve some of the Me 210's shortcomings. The stability problem was solved finally by introducing automatic wing leading-edge slots and redesign of the rear fuselage, which was lengthened by 3 ft 1 1/2 in (0.95 m) and made deeper. The improvements were tested and the design was submitted with the proposal that the 1,750 hp (1305 kW) Daimler-Benz DB 6O3A engine should be used to provide better performance, This appealed to the RLM, as a solution of this kind would allow a number of unfinished Me 210 airframes to be used, and Messerschmitt was given the go-ahead and the designation 410 assigned to the revised design.

Before describing the Me 410, mention should be made of the Me 210C, a version of the earlier model which was built in Hungary by the Danube Aircraft Factory. Messerschmitt had supplied jigs and tools, and a new factory had been built for production when the German decision to stop its own Me 210 program was made. The Hungarians nevertheless decided to proceed and one of the pre-production Me 210A-0s had been fitted with 1,475 hp (1100 kW) DB 605E engines as a prototype for the Me 210C. The engines were licence-built by Manfred Weiss.

The Me 210C had the wing slots and new rear fuselage, and production deliveries from the Hungarian factory started at the beginning of 1943. They were split on the basis of one-third to the Royal Hungarian air force and two-thirds to the Luftwaffe. Production was slow to develop, but by early 1944 the first Hungarian units had been formed. Production ended in Hungary in March 1944, by which time 267 Me 210Cs had been built in two variants, the Me 210C-1 reconnaissance/bomber-destroyer aircraft, and the Me 21OCa-1 bomber-destroyer/dive-bomber. In contrast with the Luftwaffe, Hungarian pilots liked the Me 210 and used it as a close-support aircraft and dive-bomber.

The Me 410 "Hornisse"

The Me 410 prototype was a converted Me 210A-0, and several other Me 210As were generally brought Up to Me 410 standard but with DE 601F engines. Improvements in handling characteristics made the Me 410 far more acceptable to the Luftwaffe which received the first five Me 410A-1 light bombers in 1943, this version being armed with two 20 mm MG 151/20 cannon, two 7.92 mm (0.31 in) MG 17 machine guns, and two 13 mm (0.51 in) MG 131 machine guns mounted one each side of the fuselage in an electrically powered barbette. Maximum internal bombload was 4,409 lbs (2000 kg). Demand for these more effective aircraft built up rapidly with the result that Messerschmitt's Augsburg production line was supplemented by a second line When Dornier entered the program in early 1944. As Me 410A production expanded a number of sub-variants entered service, including the photo-reconnaissance Me 410A-1/U1, Me 410A-1/U2 heavy fighter and the Me 410A-1/U4 specialised bomber-destroyer, its armament including a 50 mm BK 5 gun mounted beneath the fuselage. The Me 410A-1 was followed into service by the Me 410A-2 heavy fighter included two 30 mm MK 108 cannon in its armament, also built in sub-variants, including the Me 410A-2/U2 which was similar to the Me 410A-1/U1, the Me A-2/U2 radar carrying night-fighter and an ME 410A-2/U4 bomber destroyer similar to the Me 410 A-1/U4, and the last of the A series, the Me 410A-3 reconnaissance aircraft equipped with three cameras.

A very important innovation in the Me 210 design was the use of side rear firing 13 mm (0.51 in) MG 131 turret guns (barbettes) controlled by the rear crew member by the means of a Revi gun sight and a pistol grip with the firing trigger. These barbettes were delicate maintenance pieces and were not easy to handle. A famous victim of these guns was the American Ace Captain James Morris of the 20th Group. On 7 July 1944, over Halle and Bernburg, he was shot down and killed in his P-38 Lightning by an attacked Me 410.

In April 1944 the first of the improved E-series were delivered, introducing the 1,900 hp (1417 kW) DE 603G engine, and produced in Me 410E-1 and Me 410E-2 sub-variants that were basically similar to those of the A-series. The Me 410E-3 was a reconnaissance version similar to the Me 410A-3, the Me 410E-5 a torpedo and anti-shipping bomber that was in the test stage when the war ended, and the Me 410E-6 a specialised anti-shipping variant, built in small numbers, which was equipped with FuG 200 Hohentwiel search radar, and had armament comprising two 20 mm Mg 151/20 cannon, two 3O mm MK 103 cannon, and two 13 mm (0.51 in) MG 131 machine guns. Other projects failed to materialize.

As the Allies stepped up the daylight bombing offensive in 1944 the Me 410s were engaged increasingly in home defence and accounted for a number of heavy bombers, although they also suffered heavily at the hands of the escorting fighters. Production was finally phased out in September 1944 after 1,160 Me 410s had been built, and although the type had not achieved the successes hoped for it had been a vast improvement on the disastrous Me 210.

Projects wanted the Me 410 night fighter version, designated Me 410-D, to be equipped with Lichtenstein C-1 or SN-2 air intercept radar system, flame extinguishers for the exhaust pipes, and armed with four MK 108 30 mm high-speed cannons and two MG 151/20 mm cannons as bow armament as well as two MK 108 used as schräge Musik angled cannons. The outer wing surfaces were to be built in wood to conserve strategic materials. Unfortunately this configuration never saw service nor either transformed in factory according to records.

Variants

Me 210A/A-1/A-2 - The Me 210A was the production version built two variants. The Me 210A-1 was the bomber/bomber destroyer variant with the Me 210A-2 being the dive bomber/bomber destroyer variant.

Me 210C - A version produced by the Danube Aircraft Factory in Hungary from jigs and tooling supplied by Messerschmitt. This version incorporated leading edge slats and the redesigned rear fuselage of the Me 410 and powered by a version of the Daimler-Benz 1,475 hp (1100 kW) DB 605B engine built under licence by Manfred Weiss. Production totalled 267 aircraft, with a third going to the Hungarian air force and the balance to the Luftwaffe.

Me 310 - A proposed high altitude fighter of which development was abandoned.

Me 410A/A-1/A-2/A-3 - Initial production version built in three variants. The Me 410A-1 was a high speed bomber, the Me 410A-2 destroyer and the Me 410A-3 reconnaissance version plus sub-variants.

Me 410B/B-1/B-2/B-3 - These were basically similar to the Me 410A/A-1/A-2/A-3 in construction and roles but all were equipped with the more powerful Daimler-Benz 1,900 hp (1417 kW) DB 605G engine.

Me 410B-5/B-6/B-7/B-8 - The Me 410/B-5 was an anti-shipping/torpedo variant, the Me 410B-6 anti-shipping variant, Me 410B-7 day reconnaissance variant and the Me 410B-8 night reconnaissance. These four sub-variants were in the test flight/prototype stage and all were to equipped with the Daimler-Benz 1,900 hp (1417 kW) DB 605G engine

Specifications (Messerschmitt Me 410A-1/U2 Hornisse "Hornet")

Type: Two Seat Heavy Fighter

Design: Willy Messerschmitt Design Team

Manufacturer: Messerschmitt AG

Powerplant: Two 1,750 hp (1305 kW) Damlier-Benz DB 603A 12-cylinder inverted Vee piston engines.

Performance: Maximum speed 388 mph (625 km/h) at 21,980 ft (6700 m); cruising speed 364 mph (585 km/h); service ceiling 32,810 ft (10000 m).

Range: 1,050 miles (1690 km) with internal fuel.

Weight: Empty equipped 16,574 lbs (7518 kg); loaded 21,276 lbs (9650 kg).

Dimensions: Span 53 ft 7 3/4 in (16.35 m); length 40 ft 11 1/2 in (12.48 m); height 14 ft 0 1/2 in (4.28 m); wing area 389.67 sq ft (36.20 sq m).

Armament: Four 20 mm MG 151/20 cannon and two 7.92 mm (0.31 in) MG 17 machine guns firing forward, plus two 13 mm (0.51 in) MG 131 machine guns in remotely controlled rear firing barbettes. (Supplemental Armament) Two 1,102 lbs (500 kg) bombs and external racks for two 1,102 lbs (500 kg) bombs plus two Ruestatz external packs housing 20 mm MG 151/20, 30 mm Mk 108 or Mk 103 cannons were fitted to some variants.

Variants: Me 210/V1, Me 210/V3, Me 210/V4-V10, Me 210/V13, Me 210A-0, Me 210A-1, Me 210A1/U1, Me 210A-2, Me 210B, Me 210C-1a, Me 210C-1/C-2, Me 210D-1/D-1a , Me 210E-1, Me 210F-1, Me 410A-1 (light bomber), Me 410A-1/U1 (photo-reconnaissance), Me 410A-1/U2 (heavy fighter), Me 410A-1/U4 (specialized bomber/destroyer - included a 50 mm BK 5 gun mounted below the fuselage), Me 410A-2 (heavy fighter), Me 410A-2/U1 (similar to the Me 410A-1/U1), Me 410A-2/U2 (radar equipped night fighter), Me 410A-2/U4 (bomber/destroyer), Me 410A-3 (reconnaissance aircraft equipped with three cameras), Me 410B-1/B-2 (improved "A" series), Me 410B-3 (reconnaissance version similar to the Me 410A-3), Me 410B-5 (torpedo and anti-shipping variant that was in the test stage when the war ended), Me 410B-6 (a specialized anti-shipping variant, built in small numbers, which was equipped with FuG 200 Hohentwiel search radar, and had an armament comprising of two 20 mm MG 151/20 cannon, two 30 mm MK 103 cannon and two 13 mm (0.51 in) MG 151 machine guns. .

Avionics: SN-2 Lichtenstein Radar on Me 410A-2/U-2 Night Fighter, FuG 200 Hohentwiel ASV (air/surface vessel) Radar on Me 410B-6 Anti-Shipping variant.

History: First flight (Me 210V-1) 5 September 1939; (pre-production 210A-0) April 1941; final delivery (Me 210) April 1942; first flight (Me 310) 11 September 1943; (Me 410V-1) around December 1942.

Operators: Germany (Luftwaffe), Hungary.

Title

BBB

BBB

3

r

d

-

s

o

u

r

c

e

-

Messerschmitt Me 410 Hornisse (Hornet)
Proposed to the German air ministry in late 1937 as a more powerful and more versatile successor of Messerschmitt Bf 110, the Messerschmitt Me 210 was designed. However, the Me 210 seemed on paper a very promising and extremely useful aircraft. A contract for 1,000 was placed before the first (with twin-fins) flew on 2 September 1939, but this was a huge mistake. The chief test pilot commented that the Me 210 had "all the least desirable attributes an aeroplane could possess." Though it looked good and reached 616km/h on two 1,395hp DB 601F engines and carried 1,000kg of bombs inside a bomb bay and had clever remote-control defensive guns at the rear, the 210 was so full of faults that its production was halted in April 1942. After complete, detailed redesign it emerged in 1943 as the Me 410 Hornisse (Hornet) with speeds around 624km/h on two 1,750hp DB 603A engines. It's design was beset with problems, and by the time it had matured to a good aircraft it had a terrible reputation from which it could not recover. Nevertheless, the Bf 110 needed a replacement, for it was growing obsolete.

The replacement was close at hand, however. After complete, detailed redesign it emerged in 1943 as the Me 410 Hornisse (Hornet) with speeds around 624km/h on two 1,750hp DB 603A engines. Using the Me 210 as a starting point, and changing the designation for partly psychological reasons, the Me 410 Hornisse was quickly completed. The Me 410 differed from the Me 210 mostly in it's powerplant, and modified outer wing panels. These panels included automatic leading edge slots, modified ailerons, trailing-edge flaps and radiator flaps. In fact, the first Me 410 prototype (Me 410 V1) was a modified Me 210A-0 pre-production aircraft.

Flight trials proved that the Me 410 didn't have the vices of the Me 210, and performed excellent with good handling. This, combined with experience with the Me 210, was reason enough for the Me 410 to be ordered into production only a few weeks after the first flight. The 410 served as a bomber-interceptor with up to six heavy cannon, and often with a 50mm gun projecting far ahead of the nose, and sometimes with rocket launchers in the nose; bomber and Zerstrer versions also saw action, but this too was most unsuccessful and production stopped in 1944.

History
In early 1938, continued German confidence in the Bf-110 heavy fighter / bomber destroyer concept led the RLM to issue a specification calling for the design of an eventual successor, which covered a twin-engined multi-purpose fighter with remote-controlled armament. As well as asking Messerschmitt, who eventually produced the Me210, there was also the Ago Ao225 and Arado Ar240.

The Ao225 was a very advanced design, with a large centrally-mounted engine driving both airscrews via extension shafts, but was dropped due to its advanced nature and the financial troubles the company were in. The Me210 first flew on 2 September 1939, the day after Germany invaded Poland. It was powered by two 1,050hp Daimler-Benz DB 601A engines but proved to be very unsatisfactory, having very poor handling and serious instability. The initial prototypes had twin fins and rudders but these were removed and replaced by a large single vertical surface on the first and third prototypes, while the second prototype retained the twin rudder arrangement for comparative testing. The second prototype crashed on 5 September while the others continued flying on 23 September 1939. Some improvement was apparent, but in spite of these and other improvements being carried out (such as a new cockpit canopy), the two prototypes continued to suffer from poor handling characteristics, including spinning and stalling. It is difficult to understand therefore, why the aircraft was allowed to reach the production stage but it did and by mid-1940 the first batch of airframes was ready for final assembly. The first fifteen Me210 Hornisse (Hornet) aircraft were earmarked as test aircraft and on 5 September 1940 (exactly a year from when the second prototype crashed) the programme suffered the first of several crashes when one of the prototypes broke up during dive testing – luckily the pilot managed to escape. The problems were such that the eight pre-production Me210A-0 and thirteen production Me210A-1 aircraft were added to the testing programme. As a result of this extensive testing and evaluation programme, little actual improvement in the handling characteristics of the aircraft occurred and it was evident that only some major design changes would correct the faults. At this stage, such a move would cause unacceptable delays to the production programme so deliveries began and sixty-four aircraft were supplied during 1941 in two variants. The first was the Me210A-1 destroyer-bomber that was armed with two 20mm MG151/20 cannon and two 7.92mm (0.31in) MG17 machineguns and the second was the Me210A-2 fighter-bomber that could carry a maximum bombload of 4,409lbs (2,000kg). The first active use of the Me210 was by II / ZG1 on the Eastern Front in late 1941 but the unit could rarely muster more than a third of its aircraft for operations. Active operations over the British Isles began in September 1942 from 16 Staffel / KG6 based at Soesterberg in Holland, while a number were delivered to III / ZG1 and 2(F) / 122 at Trapani on Sicily and 10 / ZG26 in Tunisia.

However, on 14 April 1942 after about 200 Me210 aircraft had been delivered (including two Me210B-0 preproduction and Me210B-1 production Zerstrer aircraft), the decision was taken to resume the manufacture of the Bf110 to buy time for the faults affecting the Me210 to be ironed out. This however meant the loss of some 600 aircraft to the German war effort and over 30 million RM to Messerschmitt.

Messerschmitt proposed a new high-altitude development with more powerful engines and a pressurised cockpit, the Me310. The aircraft was to be powered by 1,750hp Daimler-Benz DB 603A engines driving four-blade airscrews and a span of 59ft 0.75in (18 metres) with a maximum speed of 419mph (675kph) at 36,091ft (11,000m). It was eventually abandoned as the stability problems affecting the Me210 were eventually solved by the inclusion of automatic wing leading-edge slots and the redesign of the rear fuselage, stretching it by 3ft 1.5in (0.95m) and making it deeper.

The proposed improvements were submitted with the recommendation that the aircraft be equipped with the 1,750hp Daimler-Benz DB 603A engine to provide better performance. RLM accepted the solution as it would utilise a number of unfinished airframes and so Messerschmitt was given the go-ahead with the designation of Me410 being given to the substantially redesigned aircraft. As a side note, an export version of the Me210 existed, the C series, which was built in Hungary by the Danube Aircraft Factory. Messerschmitt had already supplied jigs and tools and the new factory built when the Germans halted their own production programme; however the Hungarians decided to proceed as one of the Me210A-0s had been fitted with the 1,465hp DB 605B engines, being built under license by Manfred Weiss. The Me210C had the wing slots and the new rear fuselage and production deliveries were spit with one third going to the Royal Hungarian Air Force and two-thirds to the Luftwaffe. Production was slow to get going but by early 1944 the first Hungarian units had been formed. Production in Hungary ended in March 1944 by which time 267 Me210C aircraft had been built in two variants. The first was the Me210C-1 Zerstrer / bomber-destroyer and the second was the Me210Ca-1 bomber-destroyer / dive-bomber. In contrast to Luftwaffe pilots, Hungarian pilots seemed to like the aircraft and used it extensively in the close support role.

The prototype Me410 was a converted Me210A-0 and a number of other Me210A-0s were brought up to the Me410 standard but with Db 601F engines. The improvement in the performance of the aircraft and its handling made the Me410 far more acceptable to the Luftwaffe, which received the first five Me410A-1 light bombers in January 1943. It was armed with two 20mm MG151/20 cannon, two MG17 machineguns and two MG131, mounted one on each side of the fuselage in an electrically-powered barbette and could carry 4,409lbs (2,000kg) of bombs internally. Demand for these much more effective aircraft built up quickly, so much so that Messerschmitt's Augsburg production line was supplemented in early 1944 by a second production line after Dornier entered the programme. As Me410 production expanded, a number of specialised sub-variants became available, including the Me410A-1/U1 (photo Reconnaissance), Me410A-1/U2 (heavy fighter) and the Me410A-1/U4 (bomber destroyer) which was armed with a 50mm BK5 gun mounted underneath the fuselage. This weapon was a modified version of the L/60 weapon mounted on the SdKfz 234 series of armoured cars, the gun weighed some 900kg and severely restricted manoeuvrability, carrying some twenty-one rounds and having a recoil pressure of about seven tons. One such aircraft was captured by the Soviets in East Prussia and tested. The Me410A-1 was followed by the Me410A-2 heavy fighter which was equipped with two 30mm cannon and again built with a number of sub-variants including the Me410A-2/U1 (photo Reconnaissance), Me410A-2/U2 (radar-carrying night fighter) and the Me410A-2/U4 (bomber destroyer), while the Me410A-3 was a Zerstrer aircraft equipped with three cameras. The first three Luftwaffe units to receive the aircraft were 5 / KG2 at Lechfeld, 2(F) / 122 at Trapani and III / ZG1 at Gerbini. The latter two had already been equipped with Me210 aircraft but 5 / KG2 converted from the Do217. These were later combined with the remnants of II / KG40 to form the Me410 equipped V / KG2.

In April 1944, the first of the improved B series were delivered to frontline units and introduced the 1,900hp DB 603G engine along with the B-1 and B-2 variants that were similar to the A series variants. The B-3 variant was a Zerstrer aircraft (similar to the A-3) and the Me410B-5 was a torpedo and anti-shipping bomber that was at the testing stage when the war ended. The Me410B-6 was again, a specialised anti-shipping variant that was built in small numbers and equipped with the FuG200 Hohentwiel search radar, two 20mm MG151/20 cannons, two 30mm MK103 cannons and two 13mm (0.51in) MG131 machineguns. As the Allies stepped up the daylight bombing campaign, the Me410s were increasingly engaged in home defence and accounted for a large number of allied bombers although they suffered at the hands of the escorting fighters. Production was finally phased out in September 1944 after 1,160 Me410s had been built and although it had not achieved the successes hoped, it was certainly an improvement on the terrible Me210.

Bibliography Gunston, Bill. The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Combat Aircraft of World War II, Salamander, London, 1978.
Kay, A L & Smith, J R. German Aircraft of the Second World War, Putnam Aeronautical Books, London, 2002.
Mondey, David. The Hamlyn Concise Guide to Axis Aircraft of World War II, Bounty Books, London, 2006.

Versions:

Technical data on the Messerschmitt Me 410A-1/U2


Powerplant: 2 × Daimler-Benz DB 603A inverted-Vee, rated at 1750 hp (1304.61 kW) each


Role during war: (Ground) Attack Fighter; Fighter-bomber; Light Bomber; Dive Bomber; Zerstrer Aircraft


Length: 40 ft 11.5 inch; Height :14 ft 0.5 inch; Empty weight: 17598 lb
Operational weight: 24772 lb typical
Wing Span: 53 ft 7.75 inch; Wing Aspect ratio: 10.2; Wing Area:389.69 sq ft
Service ceiling: 32810 ft
Maximum speed: 388 mph at 21980 ft; Cruising speed: 365 mph at optimum altitude
Initial climb rate: Climb to 21,980 ft in 10 min 42 sec
Range: 1050 miles max
Fuel capacity internal: 1,100 Imp gal (1,321 US gal)
Fuel capacity external
Machine guns: 2 × 0.312 inch MG 17 fixed forward-firing in the nose, 1.000 rounds each
Machine guns: 2 × 0.51 inch MG 131 trainable lateral-firing in remote controlled power-operated FDSL barbettes on the sides of the fuselage, 500 rounds each
Cannons: 2 × 20 mm MG 151/20 fixed forward-firing in the nose, 350 rounds each
Cannons: 2 × 20 mm MG 151/20 fixed forward-firing in a ventral tray, 250 rounds each
Bomb load
Torpedoes/rockets
Crew: 2: pilot, radio operator/gunner
Naval or ground based
First flight (prototype): Autumn 1942
Operational Service: April 1943 - 1945
Manufacturer: Messerschmitt A.G.
Number produced: 1.160 total, unknown number this version.


Metric system
Length: 12.48 m; Height 4.28 m; Empty weight: 7982 kg; Operational weight: 11237 kg typical
Wing Span: 16.35 m; Wing Aspect ratio: 10.2; Wing Area: 36.2 m²
Service ceiling: 10000 m
Maximum speed: 624 km/h at 6700 m
Cruising speed: 587 km/h at optimum altitude
Initial climb rate: Climb to 6.700 m in 10 min 42 sec
Range: 1690 km max
Fuel capacity internal: 5.000 liters
Fuel capacity external
Machine guns: 2 × 7,92 mm MG 17 fixed forward-firing in the nose, 1.000 rounds each
Machine guns: 2 × 13 mm MG 131 trainable lateral-firing in remote controlled power-operated FDSL barbettes on the sides of the fuselage, 500 rounds each
Cannons: 2 × 20 mm MG 151/20 fixed forward-firing in the nose, 350 rounds each
Cannons: 2 × 20 mm MG 151/20 fixed forward-firing in a ventral tray, 250 rounds each
Bomb load:
Torpedoes/rockets:


Here is a quick overview of all different versions, without the full technical specifications:

Different versions of the Messerschmitt Me 410 Hornisse


Me410A-1 Schnellbomber


The first Me 410A-1 Schnellbomber (fast bomber) was delivered to the Luftwaffe in January 1943 with a fixed forward-firing armament of 2 × 20 mm MG 151/20 cannon and 2 × 0.312 in (7,92 mm) MG 17 machine guns, a defensive armament of 2 × 0.51 in (13 mm) MG 131 trainable rearward-firing machine guns in two remotely controlled barbettes on the sides of the fuselage immediately to the rear of the wing trailing edges, and provision for 2,205 lb (1.000 kg) of disposable stores in a weapons bay located in the lower part of the forward fuselage: this bay could carry 1 × 2,205 lb (1.000 kg) SC-1000 or SD-1000 bomb, or 2 × 1,102 lb (500 kg) SC-500 bombs, or 8 × 110 lb (50 kg) SC-50 bombs; the type could also be fitted under the wing roots with tandem pairs of Aussen-ETC racks for the carriage of an additional 4 × 110 lb (50 kg) SC-50 bombs. The bombs were aimed with the aid of a Stuvi 5B dive-bombing sight.

Umrüst-Bausätze (factory conversion sets):

Me 410A-1/U1: Zerstrer version, fitted with 1 × Rb 20/30, Rb 50/30 or Rb 75/30 camera in the central fuselage


Me 410A-1/U2: Heavy fighter version, fitted with a pallet (Waffenbehalter) with 2 × 20 mm MG 151/20 cannon fixed forward/firing in the weapons bay, 250 rounds each.


Me 410A-1/U4: Bomber-destroyer version. This model had the standard forward-firing gun battery replaced by a single 50 mm BK 5 gun with 21 rounds of ammunition in a cylindrical magazine and aimed with the aid of a ZFR 4a sight.
Number built: unknown out of 1.160 total


Me 410A-2 Zerstörer: Whereas the Me 410A-1 was a fast light bomber, the Me 410A-2 was a heavy fighter. It was identical to the Me 410A-1 and carried exactly the same gun and internal bomb armaments, but lacked the Stuvi 5B dive-bombing sight and provision for the four external 110 lb (50 kg) bombs. A number of aircraft were later fitted as a bomber destroyer.

Umrüst-Bausätze (factory conversion sets):

Me 410A-2/U4: Bomber destroyer version. These aircraft retained the standard forward-firing gun battery in combination with a single 50 mm BK 5 gun supplied with 21 rounds of ammunition from a cylindrical magazine.
Number built: unknown out of 1.160 total


Me 410A-3: This model was the direct result of the Luftwaffe’s general lack of satisfaction with the Me 410A-1/U1 in the Zerstrer role. In this variant the 2 × 0.312 inch (7,92 mm) MG 17 machine guns were eliminated and the lower line of the forward fuselage was deepened to allow the incorporation of two Rb 20/30, Rb 50/30 or Rb 75/30 cameras in the former weapons bay. The Me 410A-3 entered service in limited numbers from a time early in 1944, and equipped three long-range Zerstrer Staffeln (one on the Western Front and the other two on the Eastern Front).
Number built: unknown out of 1.160 total


Me 410B-1: This version followed the Me 410A series in April 1944 on the productionlines. The main difference was the uprated powerplant: 2 × Daimler-Benz DB 603G inverted-Vee, rated at 1,900 hp (1.417 kW) each. It had the same dimensions as the Me 410A-1/U2. Other differences include its empty weight of 17,598 lb (7.982 kg), normal take-off weight of 24,772 lb (11.237 kg), max level speed of 392 mph (630 km/h) at 26,575 ft (8.100 m) declining to 364 mph (585 km/h) at 13,125 ft (4.000 m), max cruising speed of 370 mph (595 km/h) at optimum altitude, endurance 2 hours 24 minutes, and climb to 26,245 ft (8.000 m) in 22 minutes 30 seconds with maximum weapon load.
The versions of the Me 410B-1 at first were identical to the Me 410A series, so the Me 410B-1 was the basic Schnellbomber.
Umrüst-Bausätze (factory conversion sets):

Me 410B-1/U2: Heavy fighter version, fitted with a pallet (Waffenbehalter) with 2 × 20 mm MG 151/20 cannon fixed forward/firing in the weapons bay, 250 rounds each.


Me 410B-1/U4: Bomber-destroyer version. This model had the standard forward-firing gun battery replaced by a single 50 mm BK 5 gun with 21 rounds of ammunition in a cylindrical magazine and aimed with the aid of a ZFR 4a sight.
Number built: unknown out of 1.160 total


Me 410B-2: This was the equivalent to the Me 410A-2 series, in the form of a heavy fighter. Several variants exist.
Umrüst-Bausätze (factory conversion sets):

Me 410B-2/U2: The fixed forward-firing armament was augmented by the addition of a weapons-bay pallet Waffenbehalter with 2 × 20 mm MG 151/20 fixed forward-firing cannon, 250 rounds each.


Me 410B-2/U4: Bomber-destroyer variant with a formidable fixed forward-firing armament of 2 × 30 mm MK 103 cannon (replacing the two 20 mm cannon and two 0.312 in/7,92 mm machine guns on the basic fighter) in combination with 1 × 50 mm BK 5 gun supplied with 21 rounds of ammunition from a cylindrical magazine.
Rüstsätze (field conversion sets):

Me 410B-2/U2/R2: Fitted with an additional 2 × 30 mm MK 108 cannon.


Me 410B-2/U2/R3: Fitted with an additional 2 × 30 mm MK 103 cannon.


Me 410B-2/U2/R4: Fitted with an additional 2 × 20 mm MG 151/20 cannon.


Me 410B-2/U2/R5: Fitted with an additional 4 × 20 mm MG 151/20 cannon.


Me 410B-3: This was the long-range Zerstrer variant of the Me 410B model analogous to the Me 410A-3, and therefore had the 2 × 0.312 in (7,92 mm) MG 17 machine guns eliminated and lower line of the forward fuselage deepened to allow the incorporation of two Rb 20/30, Rb 50/30 or Rb 75/30 cameras in the former weapons bay.
Number built: unknown out of 1.160 total


Me 410B-5: Produced only in small numbers and used mostly for experimental work, this was a torpedo bomber version of the standard Me 410B with the 2 × 0.312 in (7,92 mm) MG 17 machine guns deleted, FuG 200 Hohentwiel air-to-surface search radar fitted, and provision made for a disposable armament of 1 × 1,984 lb (900 kg) LT F5b torpedo, or 1 × 1,675 lb (760 kg) LT F5i torpedo, or 1 × 3,968 lb (1.800 kg) SC-1800 bomb, or 2 × 882 lb (400 kg) BT-400 bomb-torpedoes, or 6 × 440 lb (200 kg) BT-200 bomb-torpedoes carried as two under the fuselage and four under the outer wing panels.
The type also had provision for the defensive gun barbettes to be replaced by a 154 Imp gal (184.9 US gal, 700 liter) auxiliary fuel tank, and as the disposable load was carried externally the former weapon bay was adopted to carry a 143 Imp gal (171.7 US gal, 650 liter) auxiliary fuel tank.
Number built: unknown out of 1.160 total


Me 410B-6: This was a heavy fighter optimized for the coastal anti-shipping role with FuG 200 Hohentwiel air-to-surface search radar and a gun armament of 2 × 30 mm MK 103 cannon, 2 × 20 mm MG 151/20 cannon and 2 × 0.51 in (13 mm) MG 131 machine guns.
Number built: unknown out of 1.160 total


Me 410B-7: This was another model that was built only in very small numbers and used mostly for development work as a Zerstrer fighter optimized for the day role.
Number built: unknown out of 1.160 total


Me 410B-8: This was another model that was built only in very small numbers and used mostly for development work as a Zerstrer fighter optimized for the nocturnal role with flares carried in the weapons bay.
Number built: unknown out of 1.160 total


Me 410C: Early 1944 this version was planned. It was to have a much higher performance at higher altitudes, even while carrying heavier weapons loads and sometimes night intercept radar. Two new wings were designed, increasing span to 60 ft or 67 ft (18.25 m or 20.45 m). The powerplant would by 2 × Daimler-Benz DB 603JZ, or 2 × Junkers Jumo 213E/JZ, or 2 × BMW 801TJ. All engines would be fitted with turbosuperchargers, and drive four-bladed propellers with very wide blades. The Daimler-Benz's would be fitted with a annular nose radiator in stead of the usual ones under the rear part of the wings. The main landing gear would retract straight to the rear, while twisting the wheels 90 degrees.
However, since the air industry was suffering seriously the Me 410C program was abandoned before any production aircraft were built.

Number built: unknown out of 1.160 total


Me 410D: This version was considered in stead of the Me 410C series. It was powered by 2 × Daimler-Benz DB 603JZ inverted-Vee engines, and had a revised forward fuselage to increase the field of view of the pilot and cause lower drag. In this version the outer wing panels would be made out of wood, to conserve strategic materials. The Me410D series failed because of, amongst others, problems with adhesives and structural failures in the wooden parts.
Number built: unknown out of 1.160 total


Me 410H: This interim version would replace the Me410D series, and was basically identical to the Me 410B-2. This version however had extra untapered wing panels between the engines and the outer wing panels. Span would have increased to 75 ft (23 m), but the first conversion was never completed.
Number built: unknown out of 1.160 total


Remarks:
The Me 410 Hornisse (Hornet) was an unpleasant surprise for the British. In Februari 1944 a staffel of II/KG 51 started flying intruder missions over Great Britian. Britain had been accustomed to quiet nights since over a year, during which almost no nightly intruder missions were flown by the Luftwaffe. The Me 410 was heavily armed, fast, and had sufficient range. The succes of the Me410 was a great relief for Prof. Dr. Willy Messerschmitt, since Messerschmitt had been forced to resign after the utter failure of the Me 210.
The name Hornisse is actually an unofficial one. The Me 410 was in use by amongst other II/ZG 26 also known as the Hornissengeschwader. This Geschwader had received wide publicity because of it's successes.
The Me410 served in many theatres, like the North-European, Mediterranean, and Eastern Theatres. Many aircraft were built as Zerstrer aircraft, since the Me 410 had a good range and good performance. Another version in which it was extensively used was that of the Bomber destroyer. By mid-1944 most surviving Me 410's were operated in the Defence of the Reich against day bombers. The good speed and heavy armament brought down many bombers, but overall score was probably about even since the Me 410 were easy targets for the much more nimble North American P-51's and Republic P-47's, who were escorting the bombers.


Strengths:

Excellent handling; Good performance; Heavy armament


Weaknesses:

Vulnerable to single-engined fighters because of inadequate defensive armament

General Specifications

BBB

Aircraft.ID                      
Aircraft.NAME                      
DETAILS                      
Category                      
Genre     Seaplane                
Sub-Genre     Vintage                
Carrier.Capable     YES/NO                
Launch=No.catap     YES/NO -              
Propulsion:     Piston Jet Turbine Rocket          
SPECIFICATIONS                    
Length     metre or Imp 0.00m              
Span     metre or Imp 0.00m              
Height     metre or Imp 0.00m              
Speed:rotation     knot:F15*1.0

000.kn

             
Speed:takeoff     knot:F35*1.2

000.kn

             
Speed:max     knot

000.kn

             
Speed:cruise     knot 000.kn              
Speed:stall/F00     knot 00.kn              
Speed:stall/F15     knot 00.kn              
Speed:stall/F35     knot 00.kn              
Speed:approach     knot:F35*1.4 00.kn              
Speed:landing     knot 00.kn              
Climb.rate     feet/minute 0000.ft/m              
Ceiling     feet 0000.ft              
TakeOff.Run     metre 000.m              
LandingRun Brakes   metre 000.m              
LaindingRun Reverse   metre -              
LaindingRun Chute   metre -              
EQUIPMENT                    
Avionics:Radar     ID                
Avionics:IRST     ID                
Avionics:Warning     ID                
Engine-1.ID     ID ID              
Engine-1.Nbr   Q Total 1              
Engine-1.Pwr.Max Military   hp or lbf 0.hp              
Engine-1.Pwr.Xtra Afterbrn   hp or lbf 0.hp              
Engine:Propeller Diam   metre or Imp 0.00m              
Engine:Propeller Blades   number 1              
Engine-1:SFC1 Mass   lbs/hr*hp 0.000              
Engine-1:SFC2 Volume   gal/hr*lbf 0.000              
Engine-1:SFC1 Mass   lbs/hr*hp -              
Engine-1:SFC2 Volume   gal/hr*lbf -              
Engine-1:Reverse     YES/NO                
IFR:boom Fixed   YES/NO                
IFR:boom Retract   YES/NO                
IFR:receptacle     YES/NO                
IFR:receptacle Doors   YES/NO                
Air.Brakes     YES/NO                
Flaps     YES/NO                
Landing.Gear     YES/NO                
Landing.Gear Retract   YES/NO                
Arresting.Hook     YES/NO                
Brake.Chute     YES/NO                
Powered.Wingfold     YES/NO                
Canopy.Opening InFlight   YES/NO                
Navigation.Lights     YES/NO YES YES YES YES YES YES YES YES
Fire.Extinguisers Engines   YES/NO                
Bomb/Cargo.Doors     YES/NO                
Search.Light     YES/NO                
Egress.Procedure     Eject/Bail                
INTERNAL WEAPONS                    
Recce.Pack Inbuilt   YES/NO                
Guns:fwd.firing/T1 cal Q Gun.ID                
Guns:fwd.firing/T2 cal Q Gun.ID                
Guns:fwd.firing/T3 cal Q Gun.ID                
Gun.Turret:Nose cal Q Gun.ID                
Gun.Turret:Dorsal cal Q Gun.ID                
Gun.Turret:Ventral cal Q Gun.ID                
Gun.Turret:Waist cal Q Gun.ID                
Gun.Turret:Tail cal Q Gun.ID                
FFAR ID   FFAR.ID                
FUEL:INTERNAL                    
Fuel:Internal Std   Imp.Gal                
Fuel:Internal Extra   Imp.Gal                
WEIGHTS & LOADS                    
Weight:Empty     lb                
Crew: 200 lb/@ Q lb                
Fuel:Internal 0000.gal ×7.6 lb                
Guns:fwd.firing/T1 000.rpg Q lb                
Guns:fwd.firing/T2 000.rpg Q lb                
Guns:fwd.firing/T3 000.rpg Q lb                
Gun.Turret:Nose 000.rpg Q lb                
Gun.Turret:Dorsal 000.rpg Q lb                
Gun.Turret:Ventral 000.rpg Q lb                
Gun.Turret:Waist 000.rpg Q lb                
Gun.Turret:Tail 000.rpg Q lb                
FFAR Q Q lb                
Payload:Internal     lb                
Pylon:Wing Tip port T1                
HVAR:   port R1 R3 R5 R7                
Pylon:Wing Outer port W5                
Pylon:Wing Central port W3                
Pylon:Wing Inner port W1                
Pylon:Fuselage Outer port F3                
Pylon:Fuselage Inner port F1                
Pylon:Fuselage Central   F0                
Pylon:Fuselage Inner stb F2                
Pylon:Fuselage Outer stb F4                
Pylon:Wing Inner stb W2                
Pylon:Wing Central stb W4                
Pylon:Wing Outer stb W6                
HVAR:   stb R2 R4 R6 R8                
Pylon:Wing Tip stb T2                
Bomb/Cargo.Bay Wings port B1                
Bomb/Cargo.Bay Fusel fwd BF                
Bomb/Cargo.Bay Fusel ctrl BC                
Bomb/Cargo.Bay Fusel aft BA                
Bomb/Cargo.Bay Wings stb B2                
Passengers 260 lb/@ Q lb                
Weight:Total     lb                
Weight:MTOW     lb - - - - - - - -
SPECIAL LOADS                    
Weight:Empty     lb                

XXXXX:  2253 gal fuel capacity is based on BuAer drawings showing 2702 US gal (+   786 US gal in bomb bay cells).
XXXXX:  2342 gal fuel capacity is based on BuAer drawings showing 2809 US gal (+ 1160 US gal in bomb bay cells)
SFC is then based upon these factors.  Cruise power and fuel weight ratios are AAC's standard (see: Measurements)

PBM5   : 2100hp × 2 × 66% × 0.34lb/hp/hr × [2362Nm÷130Kn=18.1669 hr] = 17122 lb ÷7.6lb/gal = 2253 gal (revised)

P5M2   : 3400hp × 2 × 66% × 0.29lb/hp/hr × [2070Nm÷151Kn=13.6755 hr] = 17799 lb ÷7.6lb/gal = 2342 gal (revised)

Title

BBB

BBB

Title

BBB

BBB

 
___________
 
 

+++
Me 410A-2/U4 Specification
Crew 2
Dimensions
Wing Span, m 16.35
Length, m 12.48
Height, m 4.28
Wing Area, m² 36.2
Powerplant 2õDB603A
Power, hp at sea level 1750
at altitude 2,100 m 1850
Performance
Speed, km/h at sea level 507
at altitude 6,700 m 624
Maximum cruise speed, km/h 587
Maximum range, km 1,690
Weight, kg:
Empty weight 7,518
Loaded weight 9,651
Armament
2 X 20-mm MG-151 cannon, cartridges, pc. 2 x 350
4 X 7.9-mm MG-17 machine guns, cartridges, pc. 4 x 1000
2 X 13-mm FDSL machine guns, cartridges, pc. 2 x 500