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2017-12-10

SUBMARINES  –  U-BOOT  TYPE  "VII  &  IX"  –  BACKGROUND

Type VIII
Type XXI
Type XXIX
S-655
S-574
P-629
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–
–
Background
Background
Background
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The Type VII and IX U-boats were the main types operated by the Germans during the Second World War.  Not commonly known is the fact that a few were exported prior or during WWII : 6 Type VIIC should have been built in Spain under licence (hence the one interned by Spain was numbered G7) and 4 Type IXA were ordered by Turkey (2 delivered, one seized by Germany and 1 constructed under license in Turkey).

Several found their way into other navies after the end of the hostilities, and are thus represended in Atlantic Air Combat™, albeit by a common reference : the Type VIII.  More boats and navies however are involvled in AAC than were in real life in order to feed the number of targets.

The real story was that in the final days of the war, the Kriegsmarine drew a plan codnamed Regenbogen for the mass scuttling of their U-boats. While it was proceeded with as from May 1, the actual order was only issued on May 5 and rescinded the same day.  Nevertheless, U-boats continued to be sent to the bottom in the following days.  On 8 May, Germany surrendered unconditionally and all remaining naval units surrendered to Allied forces with the exception of four U-boats : U-1277 and U-963 went to Portugal while U-530 and U-977 went as far as Argentina with the last one surrendering on August 17, 1945, three months after the end of the war.

According to the Potsdam Agreement, all but thirty submarines were to be sunk with the remaining ones to be divided equally between the three powers.  That done, it was the responsibility of United Kingdom to scuttle the unwanted German U-Boats.  Operation Deadlight was the code name for the scuttling operations which took place from Lisahally, Northern Ireland (30 boats) and Loch Ryan, Scotland (86 boats) between November 1945 and February 1946.

In Atlantic Air Combat™, the Potsdam Agreement is somewhat revisited into a fictional Revised Potsdam Agreement, [RPA] where more boats are being distributed or handed back to where they surrendered.

While historians disagree on the number of U-boats scuttled/surrendered, the below list is prepared to support boats being referred to in the game.  In particular, the following U-boats are cheated in AAC™ :

Operators

U-boot

Type

as...

Fictional background

Operators

U-boot

Type

as...

Fictional background

Argentina

U-877

VIIC

S-9

Surrendered in Mar del Plata

Portugal

U-485

VVIC

S-156

Granted for co-operation during the war

Argentina

U-530

IXC/40

S-10

Surrendered in Mar del Plata

Portugal

U-963

VIIC

S-157

Fictionally surrender in Nazarι

Brazil

U-874

IXD2

S-101

Fictional surrender in Belιm 45.07.09]

Portugal

U-1277

VIIC/41

S-158

Fictionally surrender in Porto

Brazil

U-875

IXD2

S-102

Fictional surrender in Vitσria [45.07.24]

Portugal

U-541

IXC/40

S-159

Granted for co-operation during the war

Canada U-190

IXC/40

SS-72 Surrendered in Canada

South Africa

U-1228

IXC/40

S-94

Additional boat allocated under RPA

Canada U-805

IXC/40

SS-73 Surrendered in Canada

South Africa

U-1230

IXC/40

S-95

Additional boat allocated under RPA

Canada U-889

IXC/40

SS-74 Transferred from the USA

Spain

U-760

VIIC

G8

Interned in Vigo  ['43.09.08]

Chile

U-318

VIIC/41

SS-17

Fictional surrender Punta Arenas [45.08.31]

UK

U-570

VIIC

S-44

Captured in the Atlantic [41.08.27]

Chile

U-328

VIIC/41

SS-18

Fictional surrender Puerto Montt [45.08.29]

UK

U-712

VIIC

S-45

Additional boat allocated under RPA

Chile

U-861

IXD2

SS-19

Fictional surrender in Conceptiσn [45.09.04]

UK

U-776

VIIC

S-46

Additional boat allocated under RPA

Chile

U-873

IXD2

SS-20

Fictional surrender in Conceptiσn [45.09.13]

UK

U-953

VIIC

S-48

Additional boat allocated under RPA

Denmark

U-680

VIIC

S-324

Surrendered in Denmark

USSR

U-1002

VIIC/41

S-85

Additional boat allocated under RPA

Denmark

U-155

IXC

S-324

Surrendered in Denmark

USSR

U-1004

VIIC/41

S-86

Additional boat allocated under RPA

Denmark

U-806

IXC/40

S-325

Surrendered in Denmark

USSR

U-1005

VIIC/41

S-87

Additional boat allocated under RPA

Denmark

U-1233

IXD2

S-330

Surrendered in Denmark

USSR

U-1009

VIIC/41

S-88

Additional boat allocated under RPA

Norway

U-310

VIIC

S-311

Surrendered in Norway; repaired

USSR

U-1010

VIIC/41

S-89

Additional boat allocated under RPA

Norway

U-315

VIIC

S-312

Surrendered in Norway; repaired

USSR

U-1019

VIIC/41

S-90

Additional boat allocated under RPA

Norway

U-324

VIIC

S-323

Surrendered in Norway; repaired

USSR

U-1022

VIIC/41

S-91

Additional boat allocated under RPA

Netherlands

U-991

VIIC/41

S-810

Fictional surrender in Den Helder

USSR

U-1023

VIIC/41

S-92

Additional boat allocated under RPA

Netherlands

U-992

VIIC/41

S-815

Fictional surrender in Den Helder

USSR

U-1109

VIIC/41

S-93

Additional boat allocated under RPA

Netherlands

U-994

VIIC/41

S-816

Fictional surrender in Den Helder

USSR

U-1110

VIIC/41

S-94

Additional boat allocated under RPA

U-BOATS CAPTURED/SURRENDERED  –  DISPOSED OF IN Operation Deadlight [DL]  –  POST WAR SERVICE

Boat Type Date Surrender Loc. Action/
Event
Note Fate Note INS
Year
WFU
Year
Alternate
Facts
Alternate
Event
Alt.
Fate
Alt
Note
INS
Year
WFU
Year
U-143 IID 45.05.05 Heligoland DE >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-145 IID 45.05.05 Heligoland DE >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-149 IID 45.05.05 Heligoland DE >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-150 IID 45.05.05 Heligoland DE >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-218 VIID 45.05.12 Bergen NO >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-570 VIIC 41.08.27 Atlantic IC Captured Repaired Service P175 1942 1944 Repaired Service S-44 HMS.Graph >> 1968
U-244 VIIC 45.05.14 Loch Eriboll UK >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-245 VIIC 45.05.09 Bergen NO >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-249 VIIC 45.05.10 Portland UK >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-255 VIIC 45.05.17 Loch Eriboll UK >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-278 VIIC 45.05.09 Narvik NO >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-281 VIIC 45.05.09 Kristiansand NO >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-291 VIIC 45.05.05 Cuxhaven DE >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-293 VIIC/41 45.05.11 Loch Eriboll UK >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-294 VIIC/41 45.05.09 Narvik NO >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-295 VIIC/41 45.05.09 Narvik NO >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-298 VIIC/41 45.05.09 Bergen NO >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-299 VIIC/41 45.05.09 Kristiansand NO >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-310 VIIC 45.05.09 Trondheim NO Damaged >> Scrapped – Norway – 1947 Repaired Service S-311 – 1948 1968
U-312 VIIC 45.05.09 Narvik NO >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-313 VIIC 45.05.09 Narvik NO >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-315 VIIC 45.05.09 Trondheim NO Damaged >> Scrapped – Norway – 1947 Repaired Service S-312 – 1949 1968
U-318 VIIC/41 45.05.09 Narvik NO >> UK [DL] – – – – Surrender in Chile SS-17 – 1946 >>
U-324 VIIC/41 45.05.09 Bergen NO Damaged >> Scrapped – Norway – 1947 Repaired Service S-313 – 1950 1968
U-328 VIIC/41 45.05.09 Bergen NO >> UK [DL] – – – – Surrender in Chile SS-18 – 1946 >>
U-363 VIIC 45.05.09 Narvik NO >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-368 VIIC 45.05.05 Heligoland DE >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-369 VIIC 45.05.09 Kristiansand NO >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-427 VIIC 45.05.09 Narvik NO >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-471 VIIC 44.08.06 Toulon FR Damaged Repaired Service S-609 1946 1963 Extended Service S-609 Millι >> 1968
U-481 VIIC 45.05.09 Narvik NO >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-483 VIIC 45.05.09 Trondheim NO >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-485 VIIC 45.05.12 Gibraltar UK >> UK [DL] – – – – Transfer Service S-156 – 1946 1968
U-573 VIIC 42.05.02 Vigo ES Interned Purchased Service G7 1942 1970 >> >> G7 – >> 1970
U-637 VIIC 45.05.09 Stavanger NO >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-668 VIIC 45.05.09 Narvik NO >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-680 VIIC 45.05.05 Baring Bay DK >> UK [DL] – – – – Transfer Service S-320 – 1946 1968
U-712 VIIC 45.05.09 Kristiansand NO >> >> Trials N?? 1945 1950 Extended Service S-45 HMS.Grim 1951 1968
U-716 VIIC 45.05.09 Narvik NO >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-720 VIIC 45.05.05 Heligoland DE >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-739 VIIC 45.05.13 Emden DE >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-760 VIIC 43.09.08 Vigo ES Interned >> UK [DL] – – – – Transfer Service G8 – 1946 1970
U-764 VIIC 45.05.14 Loch Eriboll UK >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-766 VIIC 45.05.08 La Rochelle FR Damaged Repaired Service S-610 1947 1963 Extended Service S-610 Laubie >> 1968
U-773 VIIC 45.05.09 Trondheim NO >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-775 VIIC 45.05.09 Trondheim NO >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-776 VIIC 45.05.06 Portland UK >> UK Toured N?? 1945 1946 Repaired Service S-46 HMS.Graal >> 1968
U-778 VIIC 45.05.09 Bergen NO >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-779 VIIC 45.05.05 Cuxhaven DE >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-825 VIIC 45.05.13 Loch Eriboll UK >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-826 VIIC 45.05.11 Loch Eriboll UK >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-901 VIIC 45.05.05 Stavanger NO >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-907 VIIC 45.05.09 Bergen NO >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-926 VIIC 45.05.09 Bergen NO Damaged Repaired Service S-307 1948 1964 Extended Service S-307 Kya >> 1968
U-928 VIIC 45.05.09 Bergen NO >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-930 VIIC/41 45.05.09 Bergen NO >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-953 VIIC 45.05.09 Trondheim NO >> UK Trials N?? 1945 1950 Extended Service S-48 HMS.Grand 1951 1968
U-956 VIIC 45.05.13 Loch Eriboll UK >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-963 VIIC 45.05.20 Nazarι PT Scuttled – – – – – – Surrender Service S-157 – 1946 1968
U-968 VIIC 45.05.09 Narvik NO >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-975 VIIC 45.05.09 Horten NO >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-977 VIIC 45.08.17 Mar del Plata AR >> USA Trials Sunk 1945 1946 Repaired Service S-1 – 1946 1968
U-978 VIIC 45.05.09 Trondheim NO >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-991 VIIC 45.05.09 Bergen NO >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-992 VIIC 45.05.09 Narvik NO >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-994 VIIC 45.05.09 Trondheim NO >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-995 VIIC/41 45.05.09 Trondheim NO Damaged Repaired Service S-309 1952 1965 Extended Service S-309 Kaura >> 1968
U-997 VIIC/41 45.05.09 Narvik NO >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-1002 VIIC/41 45.05.09 Bergen NO >> UK [DL] – – – – Transfer sercice S-85 – 1948 1968
U-1004 VIIC/41 45.05.09 Bergen NO >> UK [DL] – – – – Transfer sercice S-86 – 1948 1968
U-1005 VIIC/41 45.05.14 Bergen NO >> UK [DL] – – – – Transfer sercice S-87 – 1948 1968
U-1009 VIIC/41 45.05.10 Loch Eriboll UK >> UK [DL] – – – – Transfer sercice S-88 – 1948 1968
U-1010 VIIC/41 45.05.14 Loch Eriboll UK >> UK [DL] – – – – Transfer sercice S-89 – 1948 1968
U-1019 VIIC/41 45.05.09 Trondheim NO >> UK [DL] – – – – Transfer sercice S-90 – 1948 1968
U-1022 VIIC/41 45.05.09 Bergen NO >> UK [DL] – – – – Transfer sercice S-91 – 1948 1968
U-1023 VIIC/41 45.05.10 Weymouth UK >> UK [DL] – – – – Transfer sercice S-92 – 1948 1968
U-1052 VIIC 45.05.09 Bergen NO >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-1057 VIIC 45.05.09 Bergen NO Transfer USSR Service S-81 1946 1957 Extended Service S-81 – >> 1968
U-1058 VIIC 45.05.10 Loch Eriboll UK Transfer USSR Service S-82 1949 1958 Extended Service S-82 – >> 1968
U-1061 VIIF 45.05.09 Bergen NO >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-1064 VIIC/41 45.05.09 Trondheim NO Transfer USSR Service S-83 1946 1956 Extended Service S-83 – >> 1968
U-1102 VIIC 45.05.13 Hohwacht Bay DE >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-1103 VIIC/41 45.05.05 Cuxhaven DE >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-1104 VIIC/41 45.05.09 Bergen NO >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-1105 VIIC/41 45.05.10 Loch Eriboll UK =N16>> USA Trials Sunk 1945 1946 – – – – – – –
U-1108 VIIC/41 45.05.09 Horten NO >> UK Trials N?? 1945 1949 – – S-35 HMS.Grace – –
U-1109 VIIC/41 45.05.12 Loch Eriboll UK >> UK [DL] – – – – Transfer sercice S-93 – 1948 1968
U-1110 VIIC/41 45.05.14 List DE >> UK [DL] – – – – Transfer sercice S-94 – 1948 1968
U-1163 VIIC/41 45.05.09 Kristiansand NO >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-1165 VIIC/41 45.05.09 Narvik NO >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-1171 VIIC/41 45.05.09 Stavanger NO >> UK Trials N19 1945 1949 – – S-36 HMS.Groin – –
U-1194 VIIC 45.05.09 Cuxhaven DE >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-1198 VIIC 45.05.08 Cuxhaven DE >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-1202 VIIC 45.05.09 Bergen NO Damaged Repaired Service S-308 1951 1961 Extended Service S-308 Kinn >> 1968
U-1203 VIIC 45.05.09 Trondheim NO >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-1271 VIIC/41 45.05.09 Bergen NO >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-1272 VIIC/41 45.05.10 Bergen NO >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-1277 VIIC/41 45.06.03 Porto PT Scuttled – – – – – – Surrender Service S-158 –    
U-1301 VIIC/41 45.05.09 Bergen NO >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-1305 VIIC/41 45.05.10 Loch Eriboll UK Transfer USSR Service S-84 1946 1956 Extended Service S-84 – >> 1968
U-1307 VIIC/41 45.05.09 Bergen NO >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
                                     
U-123 IXB 44.06.17 Lorient FR Damaged Repaired Service S-611 1946 1959 Extended Service S-611 Blaison >> 1968
U-155 IXC 45.05.05 Baring Bay DK >> UK [DL] – – – – Transfer Service S-324 – 1946 1968
U-170 IXC/40 45.05.09 Horten NO >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-190 IXC/40 45.05.14 Bay of Bulls CA >> >> Trials Sunk 1945 1947 Extended Service SS-72 Tremor >> 1968
U-510 IXC 45.05.09 St. Nazaire FR Damaged Repaired Service S-612 1945 1959 Extended Service S-612 Bouan >> 1968
U-516 IXC 45.05.14 Loch Eriboll UK >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-530 IXC/40 45.07.10 Mar del Plata AR >> USA Trials Sunk 1945 1947 Transfer Service SS-2 – 1946 1968
U-532 IXC/40 45.05.13 Loch Eriboll UK >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-539 IXC/40 45.05.09 Bergen NO >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-541 IXC/40 45.05.12 Gibraltar UK >> UK [DL] – – – – Transfer Service S-159 – 1946 1968
U-802 IXC/40 45.05.11 Loch Eriboll UK >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-805 IXC/40 45.05.05 Portsmouth US >> USA Trials Sunk 1945 1946 Transfer Service SS-73 Tremblant 1946 1968
U-806 IXC/40 45.05.06 Aarhus DK >> UK [DL] – – – – Transfer Service S-325 – 1946 1968
U-858 IXC/40 45.05.14 Lewes SU >> >> Trials Sunk 1945 1947 – – – – – – –
U-868 IXC/40 45.05.09 Bergen NO >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –
U-889 IXC/40 45.05.13 Shelbourne CA >> USA Trials Sunk 1945 1947 Extended Service SS-74 Dιjΰ Vu >> 1968
U-1228 IXC/40 45.05.17 Portsmouth US >> USA Trials Sunk 1945 1946 Transfer Service S-94 Gans.Bay 1946 1968
U-1230 IXC/40 45.05.05 Heligoland DE >> UK [DL] – – – – Transfer Service S-95 Port.Elisabeth 1946 1968
U-1231 IXC/40 45.05.13 Loch Eriboll UK Transfer USSR Service B-26 1946 1956 Extended Service B-26 – >> 1968
U-1233 IXC/40 45.05.05 Baring Bay DK >> UK [DL] – – – – Transfer Service S-330 – 1946 1968
U-861 IXD2 45.05.09 Trondheim NO >> UK [DL] – – – – Surrender in Chile SS-19 – 1946 >>
U-873 IXD2 45.05.06 Portsmouth US >> USA Trials Scrapped 1945 1948 Surrender in Chile SS-20 – 1946 >>
U-874 IXD2 45.05.09 Horten NO >> UK [DL] – – – – Surrender in Brazil SS-1 Belιm 1946 1968
U-875 IXD2 45.05.09 Bergen NO >> UK [DL] – – – – Surrender in Brazil SS-2 Vitσria 1946 1968
U-883 IXD/42 45.05.05 Cuxhaven DE >> UK [DL] – – – – – – – – – – –

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