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2017-11-20

Backgound  Notes

 
     
 

ARADO  Ar 196  Hailfisch

 
     
  The story which did happen ... outside Atlantic Air Combat  
     
  On this page: The Murena in AAC Related page : AD196A6 Murena  
 

INTRODUCTION

The Ar 196 was the result of a replacement programme for the Heinkel 60, with the purpose to have a both a maritime reconnaissance seaplane and a catapult compatible aircraft for shipboard use.  It first flew in May 1937.

The type saw widespread use during the second world war and served in limited numbers with the military of Bulgaria and Finland.  Among the various seaplanes of the time, it has generally been considered as one of the finest.   After the war, it was mainly used by the USSR and the type was associated with a famous Belgian cartoon character.

Operators

Op Role

QTY

Aircraft

Name

1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967

Germany

NA FR

464

Ar196

Hailfisch

1939 1945                        

Germany

NA FR

23

Ar196

Hailfisch

1939 1945                        

Germany

NA FR

66

Ar196

Hailfisch

1939 1945                        

Bulgaria

NA FR

12

Ar196

Hailfisch

1943 1945                        

Finland

AF FR

3

Ar196

Hailfisch

1943 1944                        

Sweden

AF FR

1

Ar196

Hailfisch

1943 1947                        

Norway

AF FR

1

Ar196

Hailfisch

1945 1946                        

USSR

NA FR

37

Ar196

Hailfisch

1945 1955                        

Production

Ar196A0 were ordered with BMW 132K engine, a choice which remained unchanged for the whole production.  First deliveres at the end of 1938, twenty Ar196A1 delivered by mid-1939.  More were made in Germany, France and Holland up to the end of the war

Variants

Ar196 Qty   Ar196 Qty 38/39 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944
Ar196V 6   Ar196A3 339            
Ar196A0 10   Ar196A4 24            
Ar196A1 20   Ar196A5 46            
Ar196A2 98   Ar196B0 10            

Total

>>   553 42 104 94 107 104 102
Ar196A-0 : pre-production aircrafts
Ar196A-1 : 20 aircrafts, catapult compatible, for shipboard use: Ar196A-2 : improved gun armament
Admiral Graf Spee Deutschland Prinz Eugen Ar196A-3 : main variant, strengthened airframes
Admiral Scheer Gneisenau Scharnhorst Ar196A-4 : catapult version, replacing A-1
Admiral Hipper Lutzow Tirpitz Ar196A-5 : last variant, also manufactured in /
Bismarck Ar196B-0 : single float variant (10 in 1938)
Details - Ar196 A0 Ar196 A1 Ar196 A2 Ar196 A3 Ar196 A4 Ar196 A5 Ar196 B0
Fuel - 300L (66 gal) 300L (66 gal) 300L (66 gal) 300L (66 gal) 400L (88 gal) 300L (66 gal) 400L (88 gal)
Engine - 132K 960hp 132K 960hp 132K 960hp 132K 960hp 132K 960hp 132W 960hp 132K 960hp
Guns Wings - / / / / 2×MGFF   60rpg 2×MGFF   60rpg 2×MGFF   60rpg 2×MGFF   60rpg 2×MGFF   60rpg
Guns Nose Sync / / / / 1×MG17 200rpg 1×MG17 200rpg 1×MG17 200rpg 1×MG17 200rpg 1×MG17 200rpg
Guns Rear - 1×MG15 525rpg 1×MG15 525rpg 2×MG15 500rpg 2×MG15 500rpg 2×MG15 500rpg 2×MG81 500rpg 2×MG81 500rpg
Guns Rear Note - - (MG15Z) (MG15Z) (MG15Z) (MG81Z) (MG81Z)
Bombs 2×SC50 2×50kg 2×50kg 2×50kg 2×50kg 2×50kg 2×50kg 2×50kg

THE MURENA  IN ATLANTIC AIR COMBAT™

The type should not have been included in AAC™ if it wasn't for the particular love for seaplanes among AAC™ editors...   So, seaplanes there will be, and among them the Murena, possibly under three diffferent variants :
 AD196A6 ressembling the original aircraft buth with cheated empty weight and weapon loads
 AD196A7 same as A6 but with a quad defensive dorsal turret
 AD196A8 same as A6 but without weapons and dedicated to SAR duties - it mimicks a yellow painted aircraft appearing in a Belgian cartoon

In order to make this iconic aircraft a little more attractive, several features will be cheated.

GUNS

Initially, the real Ar196 had a meagre MG15 for the backseater.  Then, since the A-1 was essentially a martime reconnaissance aircraft for the benefit of the launching ships, this limited armament was logical.  But as from the A-2 variant, this single rear gun was soon replaced by a twin MG15Z and supplemented by a synchroniszed MG17 on the engine cowl and a pair of MGFF 20mm guns in the wings.  This arrangement remained essentially unchanged on later variants, but for the rear gun being later replaced by a MG81Z, another twin gun offering a much higher firing rate.

In Atlantic Air Combat™, both the MG-15 and MG-17 references are absent and any aircraft (historically) equipped with MG-FF are allegedly regunned with Swiss made OE-FFs.  The Murena  will be no exception.

Cowl Gun
For the sake of adding a little fire power, the single 1000 rpm MG17 synchronized gun is replaced by two 1600 rpm M181 guns, allegedly synchronized.

Historic Ar196

Fantasy - 1

Fantasy - 2

Fantasy - 3

 Cowl:1×MG17/7.92mm

27 lb

 Cowl:2×M181/7.92mm

29.lb

 Cowl:1×MG131/13mm

38.lb

 Cowl:1×BRZU 12.7mm

46.lb

 1×200 rounds

21 lb

 2×200 rounds

42.lb

 1×100 rounds

24.lb

 1×100 rounds

35.lb

 Total load

48 lb

 >>

71.lb

 >>

62 lb

 >>

81 lb

Wing Guns
Two vintage options are fictionally examined herebelow.  Ammunition weight playing its role - the OEFF is retained.

Historic Ar196

Fantasy - 1

Fantasy - 2

Fantasy - 3

 Wings:2×MGFF/20mm

128.lb

 Wings:2×OEFF/20mm

106.lb

 Wings:2×M251/20mm

190.lb

 Wings:2×BRZN/20mm

110 lb

 2×60 rounds

48.lb

 2×60 rounds

53.lb

 2×80 rounds

65.lb

 2×75 rounds

63 lb

 Full weight

176.lb

 >>

159.lb

 >>

255.lb

 >>

173.lb

Gun Turret - See also : Quad Turret Type-A
It is imagined that the Murena could have been equipped with a real gun turret, very much like the Boulton-Paul 82 Defiant.  Then, while weight is never really a concern in AAC™, cheats or fantasies are nevertheless imagined within reason. Tentative weight breakdown of fantasy alternatives, based the weight of the fully equipped Boulton-Paul turret, are to be compared to the supposed 134 lb of the A-5 rear gun setup (29lb for the MG81Z + 105lb for 2×500 rounds) :

Historic BP82

Fantasy - 1

Fantasy - 2

Fantasy - 3

Fantasy - 4

 Empty

285.lb

 Empty

285.lb

 Empty

285.lb

 Empty

285.lb

 Empty

285.lb

 4×Brwg (.303)

88.lb

 2×MG81Z

57.lb

 2×MG131

75.lb

 2×AK44

110.lb

 2×BRZU 12.7mm

92.lb

 4×600 rounds

249.lb

 4×500 rounds

210.lb

 2×250 rounds

120.lb

 2×250 rounds

170.lb

 2×250 rounds

175.lb

 Full weight

622.lb

 >>

552.lb

 >>

480.lb

 >>

565.lb

 >>

552.lb

 Combined RoF

4600rpm

 Combined RoF

6400rpm

 Combined RoF

1800rpm

 Combined RoF

1800rpm

 Combined RoF

1500rpm

UNDERWING PYLONS

From the A-2 variant onward, the Hailfisch  was equipped with a 50kg (110 lb) worth pylon under each wing.  For AAC™ purposes, this value is uprated to 250 lb, allowing for either a 250lb bomb, a heavy rocket or a gunpod

Historic Ar196

Fantasy - 1

Fantasy - 2

-

 Port : 1 × SC50

110 lb

 1 × Mk057 bomb

250.lb

 1 × 44B10 bomb

250.lb

-

-

 Stbd: 1 × SC50

110 lb

 1 × Mk057 bomb

250.lb

 1 × 44B10 bomb

250.lb

-

-

 Total load

220.lb

 >>

500.lb

 >>

500.lb

-

-

Gunpods

During WWII, Germany used a 330 lb gunpod containing three MG81Z machine guns, each of these twin barrel guns firing at 3200 rpm, it must have offered quite a firepower.  It is imagined a gunpod only containing two of these dual guns, the purpose being to lower its weight under 250 lb, a fantasy revised value for the "AD196" underwing pylons :

Historic Me109

Fantasy - 1

-

-

 Empty

87.lb

 Empty

87.lb

-

-

-

-

 3×MG81Z

85.lb

 2×Z181

57.lb

-

-

-

-

 6×250 rounds

158.lb

 4×250 rounds

105.lb

-

-

-

-

 Full weight

330.lb

 >>

249.lb

-

-

-

-

HVAR Rockets

The Hailfisch  never carried any naturally, but it is imagined that fictional post-WWII operators would have managed to add a few under the Murena wings, either involving the French T-10 or the Soviet RS32 :

Historic Ar196

Fantasy - 1

Fantasy - 2

-

 Port : //

-

 4 × HVRT10

240.lb

 4 × HVR132

200.lb

-

-

 Stbd: //

-

 4 × HVRT10

240.lb

 4 × HVR132

200.lb

-

-

 Total load

-

 >>

480.lb

 >>

400.lb

-

-

RADAR

In Atlantic Air Combat™, the Murena  is equipped with a radar.  A simple one, based on dipoles, very much inspired by early installations like the ASB or ASB-Series used on the SBD, SO3C, TBF, SB2 C, PBY-5, PBY-5A, PBN, PB4Y, PV-3.  It could detect a surface submarine from 8 to 15 miles 7 to 13 nautical miles, a destroyer from 21 to 30 nmi and a well defined coastline from 52 to 61 nmi.  It's installed weight was ±150 lb.

In AAC™, the notion of this "sensor" is referred to as "SCR17".

___________