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2017-11-20

AA Missiles

Article

 
 
  Back to: Aircraft Weapons

 AAC Air-to-Air Missiles

Aircraft Weapons Background Notes

 AIM-4 Falcon


 AIM-7 Sparrow


 AIM-9 Sidewinder


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The AIM-4 Falcon Missile Family

See the full article HERE or ... see the original 

Source : http://www.ausairpower.net/Falcon-Evolution.html
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Introduction

The AIM-4 Falcon family is one out of three families of US made air-to-air missile, and is briefly described here.
 
The US air-to-air missile programme finds its roots in the awesome effect of air power during the second world war, with the initial aim to destroy ennemy bombers before they reached their target
 
Various unsatisfactory projects went ahead both in the US and in the UK, and it is fair to say the German were the first to try  air-to-air missiles, although not operationally.
 
These first attemps were essentially about subsonic missiles, and none of these ended up as production items because of their various shortcomings, but it was just the very beginning of these kin of weapons.

F-82 Twin Mustang armed with four Firebird AAMs
(National Archives via Dennis R. Jenkins)

Without trying to re-write the history book on the subject, appended is a summary of these early attempts.
 
The first USAAF AAM to reach the hardware stage was the subsonic Ryan MX-799 Firebird, later designated AAM-A-1.  It employed midcourse command and terminal SARH guidance, and was intended for use against bombers. The first test launch occurred in October of 1947, and Ryan initiated studies for a supersonic variant, which lasted until March of 1948.

  AAM Range Guidance Weight Length Diam Span
HS298 1.0mi joystick 209.lbs 78.90" 16.30" 50.80"
X4 1.5mi joystick 133.lbs 78.80" 8.74" 28.50"
JB3 9.0mi SARH 600.lbs 172.00"    
AAM.A.1 8.0mi SARH 260.lbs 112.00" 8.00" 32.00"
AAM.N.2 5.0mi BR 335.lbs 155.50" 8.00" 37.00"
AAM.N.4 25.0mi AR 400.lbs 139.00" 11.00" 38.80"
AAM.N.5 25.0mi SARH 580.lbs 167.25" 8.25" 40.25"
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The AIM-4 Falcon

The Falcon missile is the result of a Hughes study in response to a USAF request for a bomber launched AAM, the AAM-A-2.
 
This project as such did not last long, but with all other missile programmes being cancelled, Hughes remained the sole contender for a Guided Aircraft Rocket (GAR) as these things were called by then.
 
Hughes renamed their MX-904 project "Falcon", and the weapon itself was designated GAR-1.
 
It took several years to perfect the new weapon, but it ended up as a lasting item in the US arsenal, and the Falcon itself gave birth to air-to-ground derivatives (re: AIM-65).
 
A summary of the various iterations of the Falcon missiles is reproduced below.   With US missiles being redesignated in 1962, the GAR-1 became the AIM-4, etc but only a couple of designation will be used in AAC, trying to avoid superfluous

1949 illustration depicting MX-904 carriage on the B-52
(National Archives via Dennis R. Jenkins)
<1963 >1963 Guidance     AAC
GAR2A AIM4C IR Rb28 HM58 J35 N20 AIM4C
GAR3A AIM4F SARH   F101 F102 F106 AIM4F
GAR4A AIM4G IR   F101 F102 F106 AIM4G
GAR11A AIM26B SARH Rb27 HM55 J35 MIII AIM26

references while trying to match what the reality was.  Having said that, the performance enveloppes of these various Falcon iterations are very similar, at least from an AAC perspective.  In practice it means the AIM-4F/G for the USAF, and the AIM-4C and AIM-26 for the Swedish and Swiss Air Forces

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The AIM-4 Falcon Family and Derivatives

Year Prod Falcon ID > > > > > > L Span W WH Seek R/Min R/Max
1954 4000 GAR1 AIM4 F89H F101B F102A F106A     77.80" 6.40" 20.00" 127.lb 3.lb SARH 1500m 8.km
1956 12000 GAR1D AIM4A F89H F101B F102A F106A     78.00" 6.40" 20.00" 126.lb 3.lb SARH 1500m 9.km
1960 3400 GAR3A AIM4F       F106A     86.37" 6.64" 23.97" 152.lb 5.lb SARH 1000m 11.km
1956 -   GAR2 AIM4B             78.00" 6.40" 20.00" 124.lb 3.lb _IR_ 1000m 11.km
1962 4000 GAR2B AIM4D F110D F101B F102A F106A CF105   79.20" 6.40" 20.00" 134.lb 3.lb _IR_ 1000m 11.km
1958 300 - GAR3 AIM4E             86.00" 6.40" 24.00" 140.lb 5.lb SARH 1500m 14.km
1957 26000 GAR2A AIM4C F89J F101B F102A F106A J35   79.50" 6.40" 20.00" 128.lb 3.lb _IR_ 1000m 11.km
1960 2700 GAR4A AIM4G       F106A     82.50" 6.64" 24.00" 146.lb 5.lb _IR_ 450m 11.km
1970 25 - - AIM4H             82.50" 6.64" 24.00" 160.lb 5.lb _IR_ 450m 11.km
Year Prod Falcon ID > > > >     L Span W WH Seek R/Min R/Max
1961 ?? GAR11 AIM26A             84.25" 11.00" 24.40" 203.lb 1.5kt SARH 900m 19.km
1962 4000 GAR11A AIM26B       F106A J35 MIII 85.00" 11.40" 24.50" 259.lb 48.lb SARH 900m 19.km
Fake - - AIM26C       F106A J35 MIII 85.00" 11.40" 24.50" 259.lb 48.lb _IR_ 900m 19.km
Year Prod Falcon ID > > > >     L Span W WH Seek R/Min R/Max
1965 80 GAR9 AIM47A F12B           150.50" 13.50" 33.00" 800.lb 97.lb SARH 900m 185.km
Year Prod Falcon ID > > > >     L Span W WH Seek R/Min R/Max
- - - AGM76A F110D           150.00" 13.50" 33.00" 940.lb 97.lb ARM ?? ??
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The AIM-4 Falcon Users and Launch Platforms. (data retrieved from : http://www.ausairpower.net/Falcon-Evolution.html)

Like in real life, the AIM-4 will have a limited use in AAC.   It will however be the default weapon for several aircrafts.   The table below mention all known (real life) platforms and those scheduled for AAC, including the fake IR directed AIM-26C.

Year  Platform Total number of missiles AIM4A AIM4B AIM4C AIM4D AIM4E AIM4F AIM4G AM26B AM26C
1956  F-89H           6   3A 3B              
    The F-89H employed wingtip pods for armament carriage. These pods contained FFAR tubes, as well as individual bays and launch rails for three Falcon-series missiles each. A typical loadout consisted of three AIM-4A and three AIM-4B missiles, with each pod containing a separate Falcon variant - The F-89 is not scheduled of AAC
1957  F89J         4         4C            
    The F-89J featured two pylons under each wing for AIM-4C carriage. The pylons were inboard of the AIR-2 Genie stations, and were staggered vertically with the inner pair of Falcons carried on deeper pylons than the outer pair. Problems with external carriage of the AIM-4C resulted in the removal of their pylons from operational F-89Js, leaving them with the AIR-2A as their only armament - The F-89 is not shceduled of AAC
   F101A       3       1A 2B 2C            
    In the initial escort fighter role, the F-101A carried three Falcon missiles as part of its armament  -  The F-101A is not scheduled for AAC; should it be present it would trade the "B" for the "C" model
   F101B         6   3A 3B or C or D          
    The Falcon missiles were contained on a rotary launching system with half the six missiles being recessed in the weapons bay.   In AAC the F101B will indifferently carry the AIM4A, AIM4C, AIM4F, AIM4G or AIM26B, AIM26C
   F101C       3       1A 2B 2C            
    In its fighter-bomber format, the Voodoo will fire the AIM4 along the AIM9B as default air-to-air weapons
   F101F           6   3A 3B or C or D          
    See : F101B
1956  F102A           6   2A 2B   or D    

and

226  
    The F-102 featured six weapons bays in two rows of three along the centerline, each holding a single AIM-4 missile.  In real life, aircrafts modified to carry the AIM-26B (removal of the FFAR) would carry 2 in the central bays while the side bays would hold 4 of the older types.  AAC will not discriminate the various Falcons variants and maintain fhte FFAR, so according to the possibilities offered (default, acquired or gained weapons) up to 6 missiles may be carried, the exact type being left to the player's discretion (thus either AIM4 or AIM26)
196+  F102A       6         6D          
    The F-102A were delivered to the Greek and Turkish Air Forces in the late 1960s, along with AIM-4D weapons.  Neither these air forces are scheduled within AAC.   Should they nevertheless be referred to, they would enjoy the same weapons flexibility as the standard US operated F102A, thus either AIM4s or AIM26s.
   CF105A           8                  
    The CF-105 was planned to be equipped with removable weapons bay holding two rows of four missiles each.  Early Falcon models are referred to but it must be assumed any of the subsequent types would have been possible.  If the CF105A Arrow is incorporated in AAC, the "weapon system" will mimick this setup
1960  F106A         4               2F 2G    
    The weapons bay of the F-106A was made for four Falcon missiles arranged in two pairs, and extracted by trapeze assemblies.  The typical loadout of the F106A was made of 2AIM4F and 2AIM4G, the latter installed in the after bays.   Within AAC, the F106A will carry any Falcon missile model, thus either AIM4s or AIM26s
1974  F110D         4           4D          
    The F-4D (designated "F-110 Spectre" in AAC) featured LAU-42/A launch rail assemblies fitted to the inner wing pylons allowing the carriage of to four AIM-4Ds.  Within AAC however, only the F-110C would be referred to if at all, and its default air-to-air weapon would be the AIM9B Sidewinder along with the AIM-7 Sparrow
1962  J35         4         2C         226  
    The AIM4C (Rb28) and AIM26B (Rb27) Falcon missiles will be the default and air-to-air weapons for the Saab J35 Draken, along with the AIM9B Sidewinder which is "universal" in AAC (even if the SwAF never acquired it)
Cheat  EFW20B         4         2C            
    The Swiss Aiguillon is a cheat aircraft in AAC.   Equipped with a simple search radar, it only handles the infra-red variant of the Falcon (the AIM4C, like Sweden) , with a maximum of four missiles hung under the four underwing pylons
1965  MD550S     2                       226  
    The Swiss Mirage were adapted to handle the American weapon rather than the French ones, and so they will be in AAC, along with the fake IR variant, the AIM-26C.
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Air-to-Air Missiles in Atlantic Air Combat Source : http://www.x-plane.org/home/urf/aviation/text/missiles/aam.html
    AAC:ID AAC:Name Guide Field Range Range Speed Weight Length Diam Span WH Notes
              <km >km Mach kg cm cm cm kg  
1961 R-511 R511C   SARH   1.9 10.0 1.8 180 310 26 100 25.0  
















1963 R-530 R530B   IR 40 1.2 18.0 2.7 195 328 26 110 27.0  
1963 R-530 R530C   SARH   1.2 18.0 2.7 195 328 26 100 27.0  
















1959 AA-1 AA1A Alkali BR   1.9 5.2 2.5 84 250 20 195 13.0  
















1960 AA-2 AA2B Atoll IR 25 1.2 7.6 2.5 75 283 13 53 7.0  copy of AIM-9B
1966 AA-2 AA2C Atoll-C SARH   1.0 7.0 2.5 84 342 13 53 7.0  copy of AIM-9C
1966 AA-2 AA2D Atoll-D IR 40 0.6 15.0 2.5 90 288 13 59 7.0  copy of AIM-9D
















1960 AA-3 AA3B Anab IR 40 1.9 18.0 2.+ 227 400 28 130 40.0  
1960 AA-3 AA3C Anab SARH   1.9 18.0 2.+ 292 427 28 130 40.0  
















1960 AA-5A AA5B Ash IR 40 4.0 20.0 1.6 550 550 32 150 53.0  
1963 AA-5B AA5C Ash SARH   4.0 20.0 1.6 550 550 32 150 53.0  
















1957   FSTK Firestreak IR 25 1.2 8.0 30 136 319 22 75 23.0  
















1964   RTOP Red.Top IR 25 1.2 11.0 3.+ 150 327 23 91 31.0 1st all-aspect IR missile
















1956 AIM-4A AIM4A Falcon SARH     8.0 2.5 54 198 16 51 1.2 anti-bomber
1956 AIM-4B AIM4B Falcon IR     9.0 3.0 43 198 16 51 1.2 anti-bomber
1961 AIM-4C AIM4C Falcon IR 25 1.0 9.0 3.0 54 198 16 51 1.2 anti-bomber
1962 Rb28 AIM4C Falcon IR 25 1.0 9.0 3.0 54 198 16 51 1.2 AIM4C Licenced
1963 AIM-4D AIM4D Falcon IR     9.0 3.0 54 198 16 51 1.2 anti-fighter
1958 AIM-4E AIM4E Falcon SARH     11.0   68 218 16 61 2.3  
1959 AIM-4F AIM4F Falcon SARH   1.0 11.0 4.0 68 218 17 61 2.3  
1960 AIM-4G AIM4G Falcon IR 40 1.0 11.0 4.0 68 206 17 61 2.3  
  AIM-4H AIM4H                       Dogfight  not built
1958 AIM-26A AIM26A Falcon SARH     16.0 2.0 90 213 28 61   0.25kt W54
1959 AIM-26B AIM26B Falcon SARH   1.0 16.0 2.0 90 213 28 61 9.0 conventional
1962 Rb27 AIM26B Falcon SARH   1.0 16.0 2.0 90 213 28 61 9.0 AIM26B Licenced
















  AIM-47A AIM47A   SAR.IR     160.0 6.0 363 320 33 84   1.50kt W42, YF-12
  AIM-47B AIM47B                     25.0 Conventional
















1956 AIM-7A AIM7A Sparrow.I BR       2.0           35kN motor, 1.8sec
1958 AIM-7B AIM7B Sparrow.II AR       2.0           for CF105 Arrow
1959 AIM-7C AIM7C Sparrow.III SARH       4.0           track target 16000.yds
1963 AIM-7D AIM7D Sparrow         4.0            
1963 AIM-7E AIM7E Sparrow SARH   1.0 25.0 4.0 205 366 20 102 30.0 motor burn 2.8sec
1975 AIM-7F AIM7F Sparrow SARH     40.0 4.0 227 366 20 102 39.0 Mach 2.5 in 2.7sec
















1955 AIM-9A AIM9A Sidewinder IR     3.0 +1.7 70 282 13 56    
1956 AIM-9B AIM9B Sidewinder IR 25 1.2 5.0 +1.7 70 282 13 56 5.0  
1962 Rb24 AIM9B Sidewinder IR 25 1.2 5.0 +1.7 70 282 13 56 5.0 AIM9B Licenced
1969 AIM-9F AIM9F Sidewinder IR     5.0   70 282 13 56   AIM9B, cooled
1965 AIM-9C AIM9C Sidewinder SARH   1.0 18.0 +2.5 84 287 13 64 11.0  
1965 AIM-9D AIM9D Sidewinder IR 40 1.0 18.0 +2.5 88 287 13 64 11.0 USN
1967 AIM-9E AIM9E Sidewinder IR 40 1.0 5.0 +2.5 74 300 13 56 5.0 USAF
















  AIR-2A AIR2A Genie ///     9.0   372 274 43 61   nuclear warhead
                               
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Comprehensive Data Table
Year Prod >1963 >1963 Aircraft Aircraft Aircraft Aircraft Length Diam Span Weight WH WH/T WH/X Head FCS R/Min R/Max Altitude Speed Flight
1954 4000 GAR1 AIM4 F89H F101B F102A   77.80" 6.40" 20.00" 127.lb Blast 8.00.lb 2.70.lb SARH 20sec 1500m 7620m 50000.ft +1185.kn -
1956 12000 GAR1D AIM4A F89H F101B F102A   78.00" 6.40" 20.00" 126.lb Blast 8.40.lb 2.75.lb SARH 16sec 1500m 8686m 60000.ft +1126.kn 11sec
      GAR2 AIM4B F89H F101B F102A   78.00" 6.40" 20.00" 124.lb Blast 8.40.lb 2.75.lb IR 16sec 1067m 10668m 60000.ft +1126.kn -
1957 26000 GAR2A AIM4C F89J F101B F102A   79.50" 6.40" 20.00" 128.lb Blast 8.40.lb 2.75.lb IR 16sec 1067m 10668m 60000.ft +1126.kn 11sec
1959 3000 GAR2A Rb28       J35 79.50" 6.40" 20.00" 128.lb Blast 8.40.lb 2.75.lb IR 16sec 1067m 10668m 60000.ft +1126.kn 11sec
1962 4000 GAR2B AIM4D   F101B F102A F110D 79.20" 6.40" 20.00" 134.lb Blast 8.40.lb 2.75.lb IR 16sec 1067m 10668m 60000.ft +1007.kn 25sec
    GAR2B AIM4D   F101B   CF105 79.20" 6.40" 20.00" 134.lb Blast 8.40.lb 2.75.lb IR 16sec 1067m 10668m 60000.ft +1007.kn 25sec
    GAR2B AIM4D     F102A   79.20" 6.40" 20.00" 134.lb Blast 8.40.lb 2.75.lb IR 16sec 1067m 10668m 60000.ft +1007.kn 25sec
    GAR2B AIM4D     F102A   79.20" 6.40" 20.00" 134.lb Blast 8.40.lb 2.75.lb IR 16sec 1067m 10668m 60000.ft +1007.kn 25sec
1958 300 GAR3 AIM4E         86.00" 6.40" 24.00" 140.lb Blast 10.30.lb 5.00.lb SARH 16sec 1500m 7620m 70000.ft +711.kn 22sec
1960 3400 GAR3A AIM4F       F106 86.37" 6.64" 23.97" 152.lb Blast 8.65.lb 5.00.lb SARH 16sec 1067m 10668m 70000.ft +711.kn 22sec
1960   GAR4A AIM4G       F106 82.50" 6.64" 24.00" 146.lb Blast 8.60.lb 5.00.lb IR 16sec 457m 10668m 70000.ft +711.kn 22sec
1969   - AIM4H         82.50" 6.64" 24.00" 160.lb Blast 8.60.lb 5.00lb IR - 457M 10668m 75000.ft +711.kn 22sec
Year Prod >1963 >1963 Aircraft Aircraft Aircraft Aircraft Length Diam Span Weight WH WH/T WH/X Head FCS R/Min R/Max Altitude Speed Flight
1961   GAR11 AIM26A     F102 F106 84.25" 11.00" 24.40" 203.lb W54 - 1.5kt SARH 15sec 914m 10020m 60000.ft +711.kn 30sec
1962   GAR11A AIM26B     F102 F106 85.00" 11.40" 24.50" 259.lb CRHE 48.lb   SARH 15sec 914m 10020m 60000.ft +711.kn 30sec
1962 400 GAR11A Rb27       J35 85.00" 11.40" 24.50" 259.lb CRHE 48.lb   SARH 15sec 914m 10020m 60000.ft +711.kn 30sec
1965 225 GAR11A HM55       MD550 85.00" 11.40" 24.50" 259.lb CRHE 48;lb   SARH 15sec 914m 10020m 60000.ft +711.kn 30sec
Year Prod >1963 >1963 Aircraft Aircraft Aircraft Aircraft Length Diam Span Weight WH WH/T WH/X Head FCS R/Min R/Max Altitude Speed Flight
1965 80 GAR9 AIM47A       F12B 150.50" 13.50" 33.00" 818.lb HE 100.lb - SARH -   185KM - Mach 4 -
Year Prod >1963 >1963 Aircraft Aircraft Aircraft Aircraft Length Diam Span Weight WH WH/T WH/X Head FCS R/Min R/Max Altitude Speed Flight
1966   - AGM76A         160.00" 13.50" 33.00" 941.lb HEF 300.lb - PR -   - - - -